MARITAL FAIRNESS, SATISFACTION, AND DIVORCE

Project Details

Description

This research will consider the validity of self-reported data on fairness
in paid work and discrepant reports by husbands and wives as well as trends
over time. The first aim is to examine the source of disagreement in
spouses' reports of fairness in paid work using the first wave of the
National Survey of Families and households (NSFHH1) to determine whether
spousal differences vary by family role of the observer or by social
contexts such as gender ideology and marital happiness. A rasch analysis
will be performed to investigate how perceptions of scales of measurement
vary by these contexts. The second aim is to examine the relationship
between negative reports of fairness and marital happiness in the NSFH1 and
thoughts of marriage trouble or divorce in the NSFH2. I will also conduct
interviews with 25 dual-earner married couples to deepen our understanding
of the meaning and dimensions of fairness, marital satisfaction, and their
relationship with marriage trouble and divorce. These interviews will
begin with the questions posed in the NSFH. Spouses will then be
interviewed separately and asked to describe how they chose response
categories, to identify the degree to which respondents vary in their
understanding and use of measurement scales on surveys. The third aim of
the proposed research will also utilize the first and second waves of NSFH
data. Event history analysis will be used to examine the relationships
between changes in wives' employment status measured in increased work
hours and income with the risk of separation or divorce.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date25/01/9624/01/99

Funding

  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
  • Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

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