A Critical Look at Ourselves: Do Male and Female Professors Respond the Same to Environment Characteristics?

Stacey Kessler, Paul E. Spector, Mark B. Gavin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


We examined the relationship between gender and both job satisfaction and research productivity using data from 1,135 psychology faculty working in 229 academic departments. We found that gender differences in job satisfaction and research productivity were related to elements of the department (i.e., teaching orientation and structure). Overall, women reported lower levels of productivity than their male counterparts. Women also reported higher levels of job satisfaction in more teaching-oriented departments whereas men reported higher levels job satisfaction in more research-oriented departments. We suggest that these findings might be the result of gender differences in preferences with women preferring more socially-oriented positions and men prefer more "things/data"-oriented positions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-369
Number of pages19
JournalResearch in Higher Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014



  • Gender
  • Job satisfaction
  • Research productivity
  • Research/teaching orientation
  • Structure

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