A first step for women into the engineering pipeline

R. Cano, H. Kimmel, N. Koppel, D. Muldrow

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Girls and boys enter school roughly equal in measured ability. They start off alike in mathematics and science performance and interest in school, and appear to do equally well in both subjects in elementary school. As girls progress from middle school into high school and college, they become a steadily decreasing segment of the "scientific and mathematical talent pool". To help counteract the disadvantage girls' experience, NJIT offered the Women In Engineering and Technology-FEMME program in 1981. FEMME provided post ninth grade girls with activities in problem solving skills, science, mathematics, engineering, and technology (SMET), during four-weeks in the summer and academic year workshops. Later research demonstrated that earlier intervention was crucial and girls should receive SMET enrichment and motivation prior to middle school. Therefore, in 1993, FEMME was expanded to include fourth and fifth graders and today NJIT's initiatives are designed to enhance fourth through ninth grade girls' skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)T3E/11-T3E/16
JournalProceedings - Frontiers in Education Conference
StatePublished - 2001
Event31st Annual Frontiers in Education Conference- Impact on Engineering and Science Education- - Reno, NV, United States
Duration: 10 Oct 200113 Oct 2001


  • Based pre-college programs
  • Engineering and technology
  • Mathematics
  • Science and mathematics
  • Self-efficacy
  • Single gender programs
  • Women in science


Dive into the research topics of 'A first step for women into the engineering pipeline'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this