A meta-analytic investigation of gender differences in mentoring

Kimberly E. O'Brien, Andrew Biga, Stacey R. Kessler, Tammy D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


This meta-analysis investigates gender differences in mentor- and protégé-reported experience in mentorships as well as career and psychosocial benefits. There are no gender differences in experience as a protégé or protégé receipt of career development, but male protégés report receiving less psychosocial support than female protégés. Furthermore, males are more likely to serve as mentors than females and report giving more career development than female mentors. Conversely, female mentors report providing more psychosocial support than male mentors. In most cases, effect sizes are small and heterogeneous, providing important implications for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-554
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2010


  • Mentor
  • Mentoring functions
  • Protégé


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