A social-cognitive moderated mediated model of psychological safety and empowerment

Daniel V. Simonet, Anupama Narayan, Courtney A. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


This study examines the indirect role of psychological safety in shaping the four cognitions of psychological empowerment (i.e., meaning, competence, self-determination, impact) through three social mechanisms: authentic interactions, spiritual development, and perceived organizational voice. Data were collected from 229 congregation members of a nondenominational church. Preliminary analyses reveal psychological safety is: (a) linked to all four empowerment cognitions, (b) associated with the three proximal social mechanisms, and (c) indirectly predicts three of the four empowerment cognitions through heightened level of authentic interactions, spiritual development, and perceived organizational voice. Moreover, extraversion moderated the relationship of psychological safety with authentic interactions which, in turn, strengthened the size of the indirect effect for the meaning subcomponent of empowerment. Overall, this study suggests empowerment research can draw upon the potential, but frequently untapped, benefits of cultivating a secure space to facilitate member motivation through sincerity, personal development, and perceived voice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-845
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Issue number8
StatePublished - 17 Nov 2015



  • attitudes
  • church
  • moderated mediation
  • psychological
  • psychological empowerment

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