Accountability and single-sex schooling: A collision of reform agendas

Kathryn Herr, Emily Arms

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


This ethnographic study documents how accountability measures skewed the implementation of gender equity reform at one California public middle school serving low-income students of color. In creating single-sex classes throughout the school, the Single Sex Academy (SSA) became the largest public experiment with single-sex schooling in the country, but pressure to raise its standardized test scores diverted the school away from the exploration and implementation of the gender reform. The chronicle of SSA is particularly relevant in light of (a) a recent call to relax Title IX standards and increase the numbers of public single-sex classes and schools, and (b) the provision of monies mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 for single-sex classes and schools, along with the act's imposition of accountability standards and testing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-555
Number of pages29
JournalAmerican Educational Research Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2004


  • Accountability
  • Gender
  • Single-sex schooling
  • Standards


Dive into the research topics of 'Accountability and single-sex schooling: A collision of reform agendas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this