Adolescents' outcome expectancies about relational aggression within acquaintanceships, friendships, and dating relationships

Sara E. Goldstein, Marie S. Tisak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescents' (N = 292) relational aggression and outcome expectancies for relational aggression in three different relationship contexts (acquaintanceship, friendship, and dating) were assessed. With respect to each type of relationship, adolescents were questioned about the emotional and dyadic consequences of relational aggression, and about whether the victim of relational aggression would retaliate. It was also of interest to assess whether adolescents' personal involvement in relational aggression was associated with these judgments. The results suggest that adolescents' involvement in relational aggression and outcome expectancies for relational aggression often varies by gender, age, relationship context, and type of relational aggression. Additionally, in several instances, adolescents' personal involvement in relational aggression was associated with outcome expectancies for relational aggression. For example, after gender and age had been accounted for, participants' own relational aggression predicted beliefs about whether the victim of relational aggression would want to continue a friendship and a dating relationship. Implications of the results and future directions for research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-302
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2004

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