Chelating groups are successfully linked to graphene oxide (GO) surfaces through a silanization reaction between N-(trimethoxysilylpropyl) ethylenediamine triacetic acid (EDTA-silane) and hydroxyl groups on GO surface. EDTA-GO was found to be an ideal adsorbent for Pb(II) removal with a higher adsorption capacity. EDTA-modification enhances the adsorption capacity of GO because of the chelating ability of ethylene diamine triacetic acid. This study investigates the adsorption and desorption behaviors of heavy metal cations and the effects of solution conditions such as pH on Pb(II) removal. The adsorption capacity for Pb(II) removal was found to be 479 ± 46) mg/g at pH 6.8, and the adsorption process was completed within 20 min. The Langmuir adsorption model agrees well with the experimental data. The experimental results suggest that EDTA-GO can be reused after washed with HCl, suggesting potential applications in the environmental cleanup.
- graphene oxide