Affective Self-Regulation Trajectories during Secondary School Predict Substance Use Among Urban Minority Young Adults

Kenneth W. Griffin, Sarah R. Lowe, Bianca P. Acevedo, Gilbert J. Botvin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explored the relationship between trajectories of affective self-regulation skills during secondary school and young adult substance use in a large multiethnic, urban sample (N = 995). During secondary school, participants completed a measure of cognitive and behavioral skills used to control negative, unpleasant emotions or perceived stress. As young adults, participants reported on the frequency and quantity of their alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in a telephone interview. Controlling for demographic variables, self-regulation did not significantly change over adolescence, although there was significant variation in participants’ rates of growth and decline. Lower seventh-grade self-regulation and less steep increases in self-regulation were predictive of higher young adult substance use. Male participants had significantly lower initial self-regulation and higher young adult substance use. The results suggest that interventions that build affective self-regulation skills in adolescence may decrease the risk of young adult substance use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-234
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • affect self-regulation
  • minority youth
  • substance use

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