Age-related similarities in contextual cueing in the presence of unpredictive distracters

Jennifer Yang, Edward C. Merrill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contextual cueing effects of 6-8-year-old children, 10-12-year-old-children, and college students were compared under conditions in which some of the distracters in the search displays predicted the location of the target and other distracters did not. More specifically, the percent of distracters that predicted the location of the target varied across three conditions (100%, 67%, and 33%). Previous research had indicated that children are impacted more than adults when the percent of predictive distracters is relatively low. However, that research included new displays as well as repeated displays as participants were implicitly learning the association between the predictive distracters and the target. This re-evaluation did not introduce new display until a separate test phase. Results suggested that all three age groups demonstrated significant and comparable contextual cueing effects across all three signal-to-noise ratio conditions. Hence, children appear to possess the general ability to extract and remember information associated with spatial regularities in the presence of considerable spatial noise. In addition, contextual cueing effects were linked to improvements in search efficiency for all groups in this study, providing another degree of similarity across variations in age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-25
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Genetic Psychology
Volume176
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Association Learning
Aptitude
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
regularity
Research
Noise
age group
Age Groups
Students
Efficiency
efficiency
ability
evaluation
learning
Group
student

Keywords

  • children
  • contextual cueing
  • distracter similarity
  • signal to noise ratio

Cite this

@article{7a18cbcba88541c68669289268616094,
title = "Age-related similarities in contextual cueing in the presence of unpredictive distracters",
abstract = "Contextual cueing effects of 6-8-year-old children, 10-12-year-old-children, and college students were compared under conditions in which some of the distracters in the search displays predicted the location of the target and other distracters did not. More specifically, the percent of distracters that predicted the location of the target varied across three conditions (100{\%}, 67{\%}, and 33{\%}). Previous research had indicated that children are impacted more than adults when the percent of predictive distracters is relatively low. However, that research included new displays as well as repeated displays as participants were implicitly learning the association between the predictive distracters and the target. This re-evaluation did not introduce new display until a separate test phase. Results suggested that all three age groups demonstrated significant and comparable contextual cueing effects across all three signal-to-noise ratio conditions. Hence, children appear to possess the general ability to extract and remember information associated with spatial regularities in the presence of considerable spatial noise. In addition, contextual cueing effects were linked to improvements in search efficiency for all groups in this study, providing another degree of similarity across variations in age.",
keywords = "children, contextual cueing, distracter similarity, signal to noise ratio",
author = "Jennifer Yang and Merrill, {Edward C.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/00221325.2014.995585",
language = "English",
volume = "176",
pages = "11--25",
journal = "Journal of Genetic Psychology",
issn = "0022-1325",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

Age-related similarities in contextual cueing in the presence of unpredictive distracters. / Yang, Jennifer; Merrill, Edward C.

In: Journal of Genetic Psychology, Vol. 176, No. 1, 02.01.2015, p. 11-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Age-related similarities in contextual cueing in the presence of unpredictive distracters

AU - Yang, Jennifer

AU - Merrill, Edward C.

PY - 2015/1/2

Y1 - 2015/1/2

N2 - Contextual cueing effects of 6-8-year-old children, 10-12-year-old-children, and college students were compared under conditions in which some of the distracters in the search displays predicted the location of the target and other distracters did not. More specifically, the percent of distracters that predicted the location of the target varied across three conditions (100%, 67%, and 33%). Previous research had indicated that children are impacted more than adults when the percent of predictive distracters is relatively low. However, that research included new displays as well as repeated displays as participants were implicitly learning the association between the predictive distracters and the target. This re-evaluation did not introduce new display until a separate test phase. Results suggested that all three age groups demonstrated significant and comparable contextual cueing effects across all three signal-to-noise ratio conditions. Hence, children appear to possess the general ability to extract and remember information associated with spatial regularities in the presence of considerable spatial noise. In addition, contextual cueing effects were linked to improvements in search efficiency for all groups in this study, providing another degree of similarity across variations in age.

AB - Contextual cueing effects of 6-8-year-old children, 10-12-year-old-children, and college students were compared under conditions in which some of the distracters in the search displays predicted the location of the target and other distracters did not. More specifically, the percent of distracters that predicted the location of the target varied across three conditions (100%, 67%, and 33%). Previous research had indicated that children are impacted more than adults when the percent of predictive distracters is relatively low. However, that research included new displays as well as repeated displays as participants were implicitly learning the association between the predictive distracters and the target. This re-evaluation did not introduce new display until a separate test phase. Results suggested that all three age groups demonstrated significant and comparable contextual cueing effects across all three signal-to-noise ratio conditions. Hence, children appear to possess the general ability to extract and remember information associated with spatial regularities in the presence of considerable spatial noise. In addition, contextual cueing effects were linked to improvements in search efficiency for all groups in this study, providing another degree of similarity across variations in age.

KW - children

KW - contextual cueing

KW - distracter similarity

KW - signal to noise ratio

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938740664&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00221325.2014.995585

DO - 10.1080/00221325.2014.995585

M3 - Article

VL - 176

SP - 11

EP - 25

JO - Journal of Genetic Psychology

JF - Journal of Genetic Psychology

SN - 0022-1325

IS - 1

ER -