Ambivalence to action: Addressing systemic racism in counselor education

Michael D. Hannon, Ebony E. White, Halston Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Citing the ongoing and urgent need within counselor education to confront and disrupt systemic racism within the profession, we present how professional counseling has been both ambivalent to racism and enacted systematically racist policies against Black and other racially marginalized people. We share selected milestones in the profession's evolution to illustrate ambivalence in the pursuit of racial justice and close with recommendations to create a more inclusive, affirming, and antiracist profession for members and clients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-117
Number of pages10
JournalCounselor Education and Supervision
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • anti-Black racism
  • counseling
  • counselor education
  • racism


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