TY - JOUR

T1 - An Efficient Algorithm for Hamiltonian Path Embedding of k-Ary n-Cubes Under the Partitioned Edge Fault Model

AU - Zhuang, Hongbin

AU - Li, Xiao Yan

AU - Chang, Jou Ming

AU - Wang, Dajin

N1 - Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 62002062 (X.-Y. Li), in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan under Grant MOST-111-2221-E-141-006 (J.-M. Chang), and in part by the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province under Grant 2022J05029 (X.-Y. Li)
Publisher Copyright:
© 1990-2012 IEEE.

PY - 2023/6/1

Y1 - 2023/6/1

N2 - The k-ary n-cube Qnk is one of the most important interconnection networks for building network-on-chips, data center networks, and parallel computing systems owing to its desirable properties. Since edge faults grow rapidly and the path structure plays a vital role in large-scale networks for parallel computing, fault-tolerant path embedding and its related problems have attracted extensive attention in the literature. However, the existing path embedding approaches usually only focus on the theoretical proofs and produce an n-related linear fault tolerance since they are based on the traditional fault model, which allows all faults to be adjacent to the same node. In this paper, we design an efficient fault-tolerant Hamiltonian path embedding algorithm for enhancing the fault-tolerant capacity of k-ary n-cubes. To facilitate the algorithm, we first introduce a new conditional fault model, named Partitioned Edge Fault model (PEF model). Based on this model, for the k-ary n-cube Qnk with n ≥ 2 and odd k ≥ 3, we explore the existence of a Hamiltonian path in Qnk with large-scale edge faults. Then we give an O(N) algorithm, named HP-PEF, to embed the Hamiltonian path into Qnk under the PEF model, where N is the number of nodes in Qnk. The performance analysis of HP-PEF shows the average path length of adjacent node pairs in the Hamiltonian path constructed by HP-PEF. We also make comparisons to show that our result of edge fault tolerance has exponentially improved other known results. We further experimentally show that HP-PEF can support the dynamic degradation of average success rate of constructing Hamiltonian paths when increasing faulty edges exceed the fault tolerance.

AB - The k-ary n-cube Qnk is one of the most important interconnection networks for building network-on-chips, data center networks, and parallel computing systems owing to its desirable properties. Since edge faults grow rapidly and the path structure plays a vital role in large-scale networks for parallel computing, fault-tolerant path embedding and its related problems have attracted extensive attention in the literature. However, the existing path embedding approaches usually only focus on the theoretical proofs and produce an n-related linear fault tolerance since they are based on the traditional fault model, which allows all faults to be adjacent to the same node. In this paper, we design an efficient fault-tolerant Hamiltonian path embedding algorithm for enhancing the fault-tolerant capacity of k-ary n-cubes. To facilitate the algorithm, we first introduce a new conditional fault model, named Partitioned Edge Fault model (PEF model). Based on this model, for the k-ary n-cube Qnk with n ≥ 2 and odd k ≥ 3, we explore the existence of a Hamiltonian path in Qnk with large-scale edge faults. Then we give an O(N) algorithm, named HP-PEF, to embed the Hamiltonian path into Qnk under the PEF model, where N is the number of nodes in Qnk. The performance analysis of HP-PEF shows the average path length of adjacent node pairs in the Hamiltonian path constructed by HP-PEF. We also make comparisons to show that our result of edge fault tolerance has exponentially improved other known results. We further experimentally show that HP-PEF can support the dynamic degradation of average success rate of constructing Hamiltonian paths when increasing faulty edges exceed the fault tolerance.

KW - algorithm

KW - fault-tolerant embedding

KW - Hamiltonian path

KW - interconnection networks

KW - k-ary n-cubes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85153384054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/TPDS.2023.3264698

DO - 10.1109/TPDS.2023.3264698

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85153384054

SN - 1045-9219

VL - 34

SP - 1802

EP - 1815

JO - IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

JF - IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems

IS - 6

ER -