An investigation of stereotype threat in employment tests

Jean Powell Kirnan, Julie Ann Alfieri, Jennifer Denicolis Bragger, Robert Sean Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This investigation extends stereotype threat research by examining its effect on sex and ethnicity in employment testing. Study 1 used archival data from a company-specific cognitive ability test, demonstrating score increases (greater for some minorities) when applicants completed demographic items after a cognitive skills test, rather than before the test. The first experiment (Study 2) used college students taking the same company-specific test with inconclusive results. Possible reasons dictated the design of a second experiment with a college population (Study 3). This study used the Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT) and investigated priming through positioning of demographic items, as well as high/low threat. Positioning of the demographic items after the WPT was associated with an increase in test scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-388
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2009

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Kirnan, Jean Powell ; Alfieri, Julie Ann ; Bragger, Jennifer Denicolis ; Harris, Robert Sean. / An investigation of stereotype threat in employment tests. In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 359-388.
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An investigation of stereotype threat in employment tests. / Kirnan, Jean Powell; Alfieri, Julie Ann; Bragger, Jennifer Denicolis; Harris, Robert Sean.

In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 2, 01.02.2009, p. 359-388.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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