An open system architecture framework for interoperability

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The interoperability of systems is a critical factor for firms to make informed operational and strategic decisions and achieve a competitive edge in the marketplace. As a result, open systems that have a higher level of interoperability with secured and stable operations have significant relevance in today’s global economy. Interoperability is accomplished through appropriate system architecture and design. Thus, to achieve the open system interoperability, this paper proposes a framework that looks at the system architecture at various levels of abstraction/implementation and identifies the required attributes at each of these levels. This framework can be used as a reference to analyse and determine interoperability requirements at all levels and prioritise the required aspects of interoperability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-452
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Business Information Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022


  • interoperability levels
  • interoperability requirements
  • interoperability types
  • open systems
  • service oriented architecture
  • system integration


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