Anterior-posterior balance perturbation protocol using lifelike virtual reality environment

Gustavo Sandri Heidner, Patrick M. Rider, J. C. Mizelle, Caitlin M. O'Connell, Nicholas P. Murray, Zachary J. Domire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Virtual reality (VR) paradigms have proved to be a valid method to challenge and perturb balance. There is little consensus in the literature on the best protocol design to perturb balance and induce postural sway. Current VR interventions still lack a well-defined standardized metric to generate a virtual environment that can perturb balance in an efficacious, lifelike, and repeatable manner. The objective of this study was to investigate different configurations of amplitude and frequency in an anterior-posterior translation VR environment, that is, lifelike and scaled. Thirteen young adults with no conditions affecting balance were recruited. Balance was challenged by anterior-posterior sinusoidal movement of the lab image within the VR headset. Four different amplitudes of the sinusoidal movement were tested: 1, 5, 10, and 20 cm, with each amplitude being presented at 2 test frequencies: 0.5 and 0.25 Hz. Mean center of pressure velocity was significantly greater than baseline at 0.5 Hz and amplitudes of 10 and 20 cm. Mean center of pressure at approximate entropy was greater than baseline at 0.5 Hz and amplitude of 20 cm. The results suggest that sinusoidal movement of a realistic VR environment produces altered balance compared with baseline quiet standing, but only under specific movement parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-248
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020


  • Approximate entropy
  • Optical flow
  • Postural control
  • Quiet standing


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