Association Between Depression and Elder Abuse and the Mediation of Social Support: A Cross-Sectional Study of Elder Females in Mexico City

Mireya Vilar-Compte, Liliana Giraldo-Rodríguez, Adriana Ochoa-Laginas, Pablo Gaitan-Rossi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: We assessed the association between depression and elder abuse, and the mediation effect of social support among elder women in Mexico City. Method: A total of 526 noninstitutionalized elder women, residing in Mexico City and attending public community centers were selected. Logistic regressions and structural equation models (SEM) were estimated. Results: One fifth of the elderly women were at risk of depression, one third suffered some type of abuse in the past 12 months, and 82% reported low social support. Logistic models confirmed that depression was statistically associated with elder abuse and vice versa (odds ratio [OR] = 1.97 and 1.96, respectively). In both models, social support significantly reduced the association between these variables leading to study these associations through SEM. This approach highlighted that social support buffers the association between depression and elder abuse. Discussion: Findings underline the relevance of programs and strategies targeted at increasing social support among urban older adults.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-583
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2018

Keywords

  • depression
  • elder abuse
  • Mexico
  • social support

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