Auditory-phonetic projection and lexical structure in the recognition of sine-wave words

Robert E. Remez, Kathryn R. Dubowski, Robin S. Broder, Morgana L. Davids, Yael S. Grossman, Marina Moskalenko, Jennifer S. Pardo, Sara Maria Hasbun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Speech remains intelligible despite the elimination of canonical acoustic correlates of phonemes from the spectrum. A portion of this perceptual flexibility can be attributed to modulation sensitivity in the auditory-to-phonetic projection, although signal-independent properties of lexical neighborhoods also affect intelligibility in utterances composed of words. Three tests were conducted to estimate the effects of exposure to natural and sine-wave samples of speech in this kind of perceptual versatility. First, sine-wave versions of the easy and hard word sets were created, modeled on the speech samples of a single talker. The performance difference in recognition of easy and hard words was used to index the perceptual reliance on signal-independent properties of lexical contrasts. Second, several kinds of exposure produced familiarity with an aspect of sine-wave speech: (a) sine-wave sentences modeled on the same talker; (b) sine-wave sentences modeled on a different talker, to create familiarity with a sine-wave carrier; and (c) natural sentences spoken by the same talker, to create familiarity with the idiolect expressed in the sine-wave words. Recognition performance with both easy and hard sine-wave words improved after exposure only to sine-wave sentences modeled on the same talker. Third, a control test showed that signal-independent uncertainty is a plausible cause of differences in recognition of easy and hard sine-wave words. The conditions of beneficial exposure reveal the specificity of attention underlying versatility in speech perception.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)968-977
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Volume37
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Sine-wave speech
  • Speech perception
  • Spoken word recognition

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    Remez, R. E., Dubowski, K. R., Broder, R. S., Davids, M. L., Grossman, Y. S., Moskalenko, M., Pardo, J. S., & Hasbun, S. M. (2011). Auditory-phonetic projection and lexical structure in the recognition of sine-wave words. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(3), 968-977. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020734