Automating research data collection

Jason S. Shapiro, Michael J. Bessette, Kevin M. Baumlin, Deborah Fish Ragin, Lynne D. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


This article reviews the capabilities, advantages, and disadvantages of three forms of automated data collection - scannable data forms, Web-based forms, and handheld computers - compared with the current standard of data entry by hand on paper forms. Each of these methods is reviewed with respect to ease of use, experience required of designer, end-user training requirements, costs, flexibility, speed, accuracy/error rate, potential for data loss, need for technical support, and equipment and/or software requirements. A discussion of their appropriate application to various kinds of studies is included, followed by examples of research studies using each of these methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1228
Number of pages6
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2004


  • Internet
  • data collection
  • handheld computers
  • medical informatics applications
  • questionnaires
  • surveys


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