Background to CRP-1, Cape Roberts Project, Antarctica

Cape Robert, J. Anderson, P. Armienti, C. Atkins, P. Barrett, S. Bohaty, S. Bryce, M. Claps, M. Curran, F. J. Davey, L. De Santis, W. Ehrmann, F. Florindo, C. Fielding, M. Hambrey, M. Hannah, D. M. Harwood, S. Henrys, F. Hoelscher, J. A. HoweR. Jarrard, R. Kettler, S. Kooyman, C. Kopsch, L. Krissek, M. Lavelle, E. Levac, F. Niessen, S. Passchier, T. Paulsen, R. Powell, A. Pyne, G. Rafat, I. J. Raine, A. P. Roberts, L. Sagnotti, S. Sandroni, E. Scholz, J. Simes, J. Smellie, P. Strong, M. Tabecki, F. M. Talarico, M. Taviani, K. L. Verosub, G. Villa, P. N. Webb, G. S. Wilson, T. Wilson, S. W. Wise, T. Wonik, K. Woolfe, J. H. Wrenn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first hole of the Cape Roberts Project, CRP-1, was drilled in October, 1997, to a depth of 148 metres below the sea floor (mbsf) before being terminated unexpectedly by the loss of fast sea-ice seaward of the rig following a severe storm. The site lies in 150 m of water at 77.008°S and 163.755°E, 16 km off Cape Roberts. This part of the report outlines the geologic setting, a gently tilted sequence near the margin of the Victoria Land Basin, and describes the history of the growth of sea ice, which provided the drilling platform, as well as the history of the drilling itself. Core recovery was around 77% in soft and brittle strata to 100 m and 98% below that. The sequence was found to comprise a Quaternary glacigenic interval down to 43.55 mbsf and below this an early Miocene interval that was also glacigenic. Core properties that were studied include fracture patterns, porosity, sonic velocity and magnetic susceptibility. Velocity in particular was useful in relating the cored sequence to the regional seismic stratigraphy. A preliminary assessment suggests that the bottom of the hole is 15 m short of the boundary between seismic sequences V3 and V4. Analytical facilities new to the Antarctic and used for processing samples for the project are described here and include a bench top palynological processing system and a palaeomagnetic laboratory. The core management and sampling system, which recorded over 2 000 samples, is also outlined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalTerra Antarctica
Volume5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 1998

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    Robert, C., Anderson, J., Armienti, P., Atkins, C., Barrett, P., Bohaty, S., Bryce, S., Claps, M., Curran, M., Davey, F. J., De Santis, L., Ehrmann, W., Florindo, F., Fielding, C., Hambrey, M., Hannah, M., Harwood, D. M., Henrys, S., Hoelscher, F., ... Wrenn, J. H. (1998). Background to CRP-1, Cape Roberts Project, Antarctica. Terra Antarctica, 5(1), 1-30.