Barriers and opportunities for recruitment for nonintervention studies on HIV risk: Perspectives of street Drug users

Matthew Oransky, Celia B. Fisher, Meena Mahadevan, Merrill Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


This study used focus-group discussions in response to a video vignette to examine attitudes toward recruitment for nonintervention research involving HIV testing. Participants were 100 ethnically diverse, economically disadvantaged urban drug users, who were recruited from New York City and Hartford, Connecticut in the spring and summer of 2006. Content analyses revealed themes including (1) fears of stigma and legal trouble balanced by trustworthiness of the recruiter; (2) fears of learning one's HIV status balanced by prospects for health benefits, and (3) the right to receive fair monetary compensation balanced by risks of coercion during periods of cravings. Limitations and implications for recruitment practices have been discussed here.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1642-1659
Number of pages18
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2009



  • Drug use
  • HIV risk
  • Monetary incentives
  • Participant perspectives
  • Stigma
  • Trust

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