Becoming a White antiracist counselor: A framework of identity development

Renee M. Shand-Lubbers, Amanda L. Baden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this constructivist grounded theory study, 12 White mental health counselors committed to antiracism were interviewed to explore their professional identity development. The emergent theoretical model of antiracist counseling identity development is a multifaceted lifelong developmental process that manifests through personal and professional experiences and is enacted within antiracist actions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-294
Number of pages19
JournalCounselor Education and Supervision
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • White racial identity development
  • Whiteness
  • antiracism
  • multicultural and social justice counseling competency
  • professional identity development


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