Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories

Stephen D. Christman, Kilian J. Garvey, Ruth Propper, Keri A. Phaneuf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

121 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments examining effects of eye movements on episodic memory retrieval are reported. Thirty seconds of horizontal saccadic eye movements (but not smooth pursuit or vertical eye movements) preceding testing resulted in selective enhancement of episodic memory retrieval for laboratory (Experiment 1) and everyday (Experiment 2) events. Eye movements had no effects on implicit memory. Eye movements were also associated with more conservative response biases relative to a no eye movement condition. Episodic memory improvement induced by bilateral eye movements is hypothesized to reflect enhanced interhemispheric interaction, which is associated with superior episodic memory (S. D. Christman & R. E. Propper, 2001). Implications for neuropsychological mechanisms underlying eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (F. Shapiro, 1989, 2001), a therapeutic technique for posttraumatic stress disorder, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2003

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Episodic Memory
Eye Movements
Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing
Smooth Pursuit
Saccades
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders

Cite this

Christman, Stephen D. ; Garvey, Kilian J. ; Propper, Ruth ; Phaneuf, Keri A. / Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories. In: Neuropsychology. 2003 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 221-229.
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Bilateral eye movements enhance the retrieval of episodic memories. / Christman, Stephen D.; Garvey, Kilian J.; Propper, Ruth; Phaneuf, Keri A.

In: Neuropsychology, Vol. 17, No. 2, 01.05.2003, p. 221-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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