CANAPI: Canopy analysis with panchromatic imagery

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26 Scopus citations


The validation of remotely sensed canopy structural parameters derived from moderate resolution imaging is a perennial problem because it is very expensive to undertake field measurements at scales of 250 m and above. High-resolution imaging and airborne light detection and ranging (lidar) systems are widely used sources of reference data, with the former used to delineate crowns and the latter to estimate tree heights and other statistics. A simple yet effective automated method that provides mapped tree crown cover, radii and height estimates from highresolution panchromatic images of large dimensions - CANopy Analysis from Panchromatic Imagery (CANAPI) - is presented, together with comparisons with QuickBird 0.6 m spatial resolution imagery, field inventory data and lidar canopy height estimates from the NASA Laser Vegetation Imaging Sensor (LVIS) for forest sites in the Sierra National Forest in California. The method was developed as an ImageJ macro using simple image processing functions and is easily extended. It has some limitations but is likely to be useful in analysing open and semiopen forest and shrub canopies where the illumination is oblique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalRemote Sensing Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2011


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