CATs are Fuzzy PETs: A Corpus and Analysis of Potentially Euphemistic Terms

Martha Gavidia, Patrick Lee, Anna Feldman, Jing Peng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Euphemisms have not received much attention in natural language processing, despite being an important element of polite and figurative language. Euphemisms prove to be a difficult topic, not only because they are subject to language change, but also because humans may not agree on what is a euphemism and what is not. Nonetheless, the first step to tackling the issue is to collect and analyze examples of euphemisms. We present a corpus of potentially euphemistic terms (PETs) along with example texts from the GloWbE corpus. Additionally, we present a subcorpus of texts where these PETs are not being used euphemistically, which may be useful for future applications. We also discuss the results of multiple analyses run on the corpus. Firstly, we find that sentiment analysis on the euphemistic texts supports that PETs generally decrease negative and offensive sentiment. Secondly, we observe cases of disagreement in an annotation task, where humans are asked to label PETs as euphemistic or not in a subset of our corpus text examples. We attribute the disagreement to a variety of potential reasons, including if the PET was a commonly accepted term (CAT).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022
EditorsNicoletta Calzolari, Frederic Bechet, Philippe Blache, Khalid Choukri, Christopher Cieri, Thierry Declerck, Sara Goggi, Hitoshi Isahara, Bente Maegaard, Joseph Mariani, Helene Mazo, Jan Odijk, Stelios Piperidis
PublisherEuropean Language Resources Association (ELRA)
Pages2658-2671
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9791095546726
StatePublished - 2022
Event13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022 - Marseille, France
Duration: 20 Jun 202225 Jun 2022

Publication series

Name2022 Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, LREC 2022
Country/TerritoryFrance
CityMarseille
Period20/06/2225/06/22

Keywords

  • euphemisms
  • NLP
  • politeness

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