Characterization of Ground‐Water Flow by Field Mapping and Numerical Simulation, Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada

Duke Ophori, J. Tóth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hydrogeological mapping and numerical simulation techniques have been used to characterize the flow of ground water in Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada. Forty percent of the basin's ground water is recharged in the Cypress Hills and discharged through local, intermediate, and regional flow systems at lower topographic elevations north of the hills. The remaining 60 percent is recharged through randomly distributed areas of restricted sizes. The similarity between the flow patterns mapped in the field and simulated numerically is an indication that the mapping technique is useful in determining ground‐water flow patterns throughout the various climatic regions in the Alberta prairies. Ground‐water discharge was found not to be restricted to the thalwegs of the main drainage ways, Ross and Gros Ventre Creeks, and their tributaries. Consequently, measurable base flow cannot represent the total discharge of ground water, which is estimated to be 2·0 × 10−4 m3/s or 22 percent of the total precipitation in the basin. There is evidence that soil development has been influenced by ground water in this area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-201
Number of pages9
JournalGroundwater
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1989

Fingerprint

Groundwater flow
groundwater flow
Groundwater
groundwater
Computer simulation
basin
simulation
flow pattern
Flow patterns
climatic region
baseflow
prairie
Drainage
tributary
creek
drainage
Soils
soil

Cite this

@article{4a1db3bdac384d1a9e8a73196189f71b,
title = "Characterization of Ground‐Water Flow by Field Mapping and Numerical Simulation, Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada",
abstract = "Hydrogeological mapping and numerical simulation techniques have been used to characterize the flow of ground water in Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada. Forty percent of the basin's ground water is recharged in the Cypress Hills and discharged through local, intermediate, and regional flow systems at lower topographic elevations north of the hills. The remaining 60 percent is recharged through randomly distributed areas of restricted sizes. The similarity between the flow patterns mapped in the field and simulated numerically is an indication that the mapping technique is useful in determining ground‐water flow patterns throughout the various climatic regions in the Alberta prairies. Ground‐water discharge was found not to be restricted to the thalwegs of the main drainage ways, Ross and Gros Ventre Creeks, and their tributaries. Consequently, measurable base flow cannot represent the total discharge of ground water, which is estimated to be 2·0 × 10−4 m3/s or 22 percent of the total precipitation in the basin. There is evidence that soil development has been influenced by ground water in this area.",
author = "Duke Ophori and J. T{\'o}th",
year = "1989",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1745-6584.1989.tb00440.x",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "193--201",
journal = "Groundwater",
issn = "0017-467X",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

Characterization of Ground‐Water Flow by Field Mapping and Numerical Simulation, Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada. / Ophori, Duke; Tóth, J.

In: Groundwater, Vol. 27, No. 2, 01.01.1989, p. 193-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of Ground‐Water Flow by Field Mapping and Numerical Simulation, Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada

AU - Ophori, Duke

AU - Tóth, J.

PY - 1989/1/1

Y1 - 1989/1/1

N2 - Hydrogeological mapping and numerical simulation techniques have been used to characterize the flow of ground water in Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada. Forty percent of the basin's ground water is recharged in the Cypress Hills and discharged through local, intermediate, and regional flow systems at lower topographic elevations north of the hills. The remaining 60 percent is recharged through randomly distributed areas of restricted sizes. The similarity between the flow patterns mapped in the field and simulated numerically is an indication that the mapping technique is useful in determining ground‐water flow patterns throughout the various climatic regions in the Alberta prairies. Ground‐water discharge was found not to be restricted to the thalwegs of the main drainage ways, Ross and Gros Ventre Creeks, and their tributaries. Consequently, measurable base flow cannot represent the total discharge of ground water, which is estimated to be 2·0 × 10−4 m3/s or 22 percent of the total precipitation in the basin. There is evidence that soil development has been influenced by ground water in this area.

AB - Hydrogeological mapping and numerical simulation techniques have been used to characterize the flow of ground water in Ross Creek Basin, Alberta, Canada. Forty percent of the basin's ground water is recharged in the Cypress Hills and discharged through local, intermediate, and regional flow systems at lower topographic elevations north of the hills. The remaining 60 percent is recharged through randomly distributed areas of restricted sizes. The similarity between the flow patterns mapped in the field and simulated numerically is an indication that the mapping technique is useful in determining ground‐water flow patterns throughout the various climatic regions in the Alberta prairies. Ground‐water discharge was found not to be restricted to the thalwegs of the main drainage ways, Ross and Gros Ventre Creeks, and their tributaries. Consequently, measurable base flow cannot represent the total discharge of ground water, which is estimated to be 2·0 × 10−4 m3/s or 22 percent of the total precipitation in the basin. There is evidence that soil development has been influenced by ground water in this area.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024570671&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1989.tb00440.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1745-6584.1989.tb00440.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0024570671

VL - 27

SP - 193

EP - 201

JO - Groundwater

JF - Groundwater

SN - 0017-467X

IS - 2

ER -