Chemistry of maceral and groundmass density fractions of torbanite and cannel coal

Zhiwen Han, Michael Kruge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microscopically, torbanite and cannel coal are composed of coarser macerals set in a fine-grained to amorphous groundmass. It is often assumed that the amorphous groundmass is genetically related to the distinct macerals. The separation of macerals and groundmass from 14 late Paleozoic torbanite, cannel, and humic coals permits the analysis of individual constituents using elemental analysis and flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Cluster and principal component analyses of the Py-GC/MS data further reveal the chemical similarities and differences between the various constituents. Pyrolyzates of Botryococcus-related alginites are characterized by an abundance of normal alkadienes, alkenes, and alkanes. Even their alkylbenzenes and alkylnaphthalenes exhibit a relatively higher concentration of isomers with a single, linear alkyl side-chain than do other macerals and groundmass. In contrast, vitrinite pyrolyzates are dominated by phenolic and aromatic compounds. Sporinites are enriched in aliphatic, aromatic, and phenolic structures, especially the short chain aliphatics and alkylbenzenes. They are also CharacteriZed by a predominance of 1,2-dimethylbenzene and 1-ethyl-2-methylbenzene. The groundmass is further divided into lamalginitic, bituminitic, and vitrinitic. The chemistry of the brightly-fluorescing lamalginitic groundmass is basically similar to that of alginite, but also resembles other groundmass types in normal hydrocarbon and alkylphenol distributions. The vitrinitic groundmass can be described as an 'aliphatic-rich' vitrinite. The pyrolyzate of the bituminitic groundmass is characterized by the predominance of long chain normal hydrocarbons. Their pyrolyzates have a chemical nature intermediate between alginite and vitrinite. The relatively higher contents of hopanoids in their pyrolyzates and elemental nitrogen suggest a bacterial role in the formation of the groundmass. Chemical analysis and subsequent multivariate statistical analysis suggest that the groundmass is likely to be a mixture of bacterially-degraded algal and humic organic matter. The proportions of the two primary components vary from sample to sample, as does the extent of degradation. Bacterially-produced hopanoids are also incorporated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1381-1401
Number of pages21
JournalOrganic Geochemistry
Volume30
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 1999

Fingerprint

torbanite
maceral
vitrinite
Coal
Hydrocarbons
alginite
Gas chromatography
hopanoid
Mass spectrometry
Pyrolysis
Alkadienes
coal
pyrolysis
Alkanes
Aromatic compounds
gas chromatography
Alkenes
mass spectrometry
Chemical analysis
Isomers

Keywords

  • Amorphous organic groundmass
  • Cannel coal
  • Cluster analysis
  • Density gradient centrifugation
  • Maceral chemistry
  • Principal component analysis
  • Pyrolysis GC/MS
  • Torbanite

Cite this

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title = "Chemistry of maceral and groundmass density fractions of torbanite and cannel coal",
abstract = "Microscopically, torbanite and cannel coal are composed of coarser macerals set in a fine-grained to amorphous groundmass. It is often assumed that the amorphous groundmass is genetically related to the distinct macerals. The separation of macerals and groundmass from 14 late Paleozoic torbanite, cannel, and humic coals permits the analysis of individual constituents using elemental analysis and flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Cluster and principal component analyses of the Py-GC/MS data further reveal the chemical similarities and differences between the various constituents. Pyrolyzates of Botryococcus-related alginites are characterized by an abundance of normal alkadienes, alkenes, and alkanes. Even their alkylbenzenes and alkylnaphthalenes exhibit a relatively higher concentration of isomers with a single, linear alkyl side-chain than do other macerals and groundmass. In contrast, vitrinite pyrolyzates are dominated by phenolic and aromatic compounds. Sporinites are enriched in aliphatic, aromatic, and phenolic structures, especially the short chain aliphatics and alkylbenzenes. They are also CharacteriZed by a predominance of 1,2-dimethylbenzene and 1-ethyl-2-methylbenzene. The groundmass is further divided into lamalginitic, bituminitic, and vitrinitic. The chemistry of the brightly-fluorescing lamalginitic groundmass is basically similar to that of alginite, but also resembles other groundmass types in normal hydrocarbon and alkylphenol distributions. The vitrinitic groundmass can be described as an 'aliphatic-rich' vitrinite. The pyrolyzate of the bituminitic groundmass is characterized by the predominance of long chain normal hydrocarbons. Their pyrolyzates have a chemical nature intermediate between alginite and vitrinite. The relatively higher contents of hopanoids in their pyrolyzates and elemental nitrogen suggest a bacterial role in the formation of the groundmass. Chemical analysis and subsequent multivariate statistical analysis suggest that the groundmass is likely to be a mixture of bacterially-degraded algal and humic organic matter. The proportions of the two primary components vary from sample to sample, as does the extent of degradation. Bacterially-produced hopanoids are also incorporated.",
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Chemistry of maceral and groundmass density fractions of torbanite and cannel coal. / Han, Zhiwen; Kruge, Michael.

In: Organic Geochemistry, Vol. 30, No. 11, 01.11.1999, p. 1381-1401.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chemistry of maceral and groundmass density fractions of torbanite and cannel coal

AU - Han, Zhiwen

AU - Kruge, Michael

PY - 1999/11/1

Y1 - 1999/11/1

N2 - Microscopically, torbanite and cannel coal are composed of coarser macerals set in a fine-grained to amorphous groundmass. It is often assumed that the amorphous groundmass is genetically related to the distinct macerals. The separation of macerals and groundmass from 14 late Paleozoic torbanite, cannel, and humic coals permits the analysis of individual constituents using elemental analysis and flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Cluster and principal component analyses of the Py-GC/MS data further reveal the chemical similarities and differences between the various constituents. Pyrolyzates of Botryococcus-related alginites are characterized by an abundance of normal alkadienes, alkenes, and alkanes. Even their alkylbenzenes and alkylnaphthalenes exhibit a relatively higher concentration of isomers with a single, linear alkyl side-chain than do other macerals and groundmass. In contrast, vitrinite pyrolyzates are dominated by phenolic and aromatic compounds. Sporinites are enriched in aliphatic, aromatic, and phenolic structures, especially the short chain aliphatics and alkylbenzenes. They are also CharacteriZed by a predominance of 1,2-dimethylbenzene and 1-ethyl-2-methylbenzene. The groundmass is further divided into lamalginitic, bituminitic, and vitrinitic. The chemistry of the brightly-fluorescing lamalginitic groundmass is basically similar to that of alginite, but also resembles other groundmass types in normal hydrocarbon and alkylphenol distributions. The vitrinitic groundmass can be described as an 'aliphatic-rich' vitrinite. The pyrolyzate of the bituminitic groundmass is characterized by the predominance of long chain normal hydrocarbons. Their pyrolyzates have a chemical nature intermediate between alginite and vitrinite. The relatively higher contents of hopanoids in their pyrolyzates and elemental nitrogen suggest a bacterial role in the formation of the groundmass. Chemical analysis and subsequent multivariate statistical analysis suggest that the groundmass is likely to be a mixture of bacterially-degraded algal and humic organic matter. The proportions of the two primary components vary from sample to sample, as does the extent of degradation. Bacterially-produced hopanoids are also incorporated.

AB - Microscopically, torbanite and cannel coal are composed of coarser macerals set in a fine-grained to amorphous groundmass. It is often assumed that the amorphous groundmass is genetically related to the distinct macerals. The separation of macerals and groundmass from 14 late Paleozoic torbanite, cannel, and humic coals permits the analysis of individual constituents using elemental analysis and flash pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Cluster and principal component analyses of the Py-GC/MS data further reveal the chemical similarities and differences between the various constituents. Pyrolyzates of Botryococcus-related alginites are characterized by an abundance of normal alkadienes, alkenes, and alkanes. Even their alkylbenzenes and alkylnaphthalenes exhibit a relatively higher concentration of isomers with a single, linear alkyl side-chain than do other macerals and groundmass. In contrast, vitrinite pyrolyzates are dominated by phenolic and aromatic compounds. Sporinites are enriched in aliphatic, aromatic, and phenolic structures, especially the short chain aliphatics and alkylbenzenes. They are also CharacteriZed by a predominance of 1,2-dimethylbenzene and 1-ethyl-2-methylbenzene. The groundmass is further divided into lamalginitic, bituminitic, and vitrinitic. The chemistry of the brightly-fluorescing lamalginitic groundmass is basically similar to that of alginite, but also resembles other groundmass types in normal hydrocarbon and alkylphenol distributions. The vitrinitic groundmass can be described as an 'aliphatic-rich' vitrinite. The pyrolyzate of the bituminitic groundmass is characterized by the predominance of long chain normal hydrocarbons. Their pyrolyzates have a chemical nature intermediate between alginite and vitrinite. The relatively higher contents of hopanoids in their pyrolyzates and elemental nitrogen suggest a bacterial role in the formation of the groundmass. Chemical analysis and subsequent multivariate statistical analysis suggest that the groundmass is likely to be a mixture of bacterially-degraded algal and humic organic matter. The proportions of the two primary components vary from sample to sample, as does the extent of degradation. Bacterially-produced hopanoids are also incorporated.

KW - Amorphous organic groundmass

KW - Cannel coal

KW - Cluster analysis

KW - Density gradient centrifugation

KW - Maceral chemistry

KW - Principal component analysis

KW - Pyrolysis GC/MS

KW - Torbanite

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M3 - Article

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JO - Organic Geochemistry

JF - Organic Geochemistry

SN - 0146-6380

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