Children's anxious reactions to an invasive medical procedure: The role of medical and non-medical fears

Jeremy K. Fox, Leslie F. Halpern, Barbara C. Dangman, Karla M. Giramonti, Barry A. Kogan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


This study investigated the relationship of medical and non-medical fears to children's anxiety, pain, and distress during an invasive medical procedure, the voiding cystourethrogram. Parents of 34 children completed the Fear Survey Schedule-II prior to their child's procedure. Child distress behaviors during the procedure were audiotaped and coded using the Child-Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale-Revised. Ratings of child procedural anxiety and pain were obtained from children, parents, and examining technologists within minutes following the procedure. Associations were observed between medical fears, procedural anxiety (parent and staff reports), and coded distress behaviors. Findings may inform preparation efforts to reduce anxiety around invasive medical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1587-1596
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016



  • anxiety
  • children
  • medical fears
  • medical procedures
  • voiding cystourethrogram

Cite this