College student perceptions on campus alcohol policies and consumption patterns

Brenda L. Marshall, Katherine J. Roberts, Joseph W. Donnelly, Imani N. Rutledge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental strategies for colleges and universities to reduce alcohol consumption among their students include the development and enforcement of campus alcohol policies. This study examines students' knowledge and attitudes toward campus alcohol policies and how they relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol social norms. A sample of 422 freshman students was surveyed during their first month at a 4-year public college. Findings indicated that the majority of students (89%) were aware of campus policies, yet of those who were aware, less than half (44%) were accepting of these campus rules and regulations. In addition, the majority (79%) of students drank at social events, despite this behavior being in direct violation of campus alcohol policies. However, those who supported campus rules consumed significantly less alcohol at social events than those who opposed or had no opinion of the rules. Also, those who supported the rules perceived that their peers and students in general consumed significantly less alcohol at social events than those who were opposed or had no opinion. This outcome supports the premise established by several theories of behavior change including the theory of planned behavior, which state that behavior is influenced less by knowledge than by attitude and intention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-358
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Drug Education
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2011

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