Community-Based Alternatives for Justice-Involved Individuals with Severe Mental Illness: Review of the Relevant Research

Kirk Heilbrun, David DeMatteo, Kento Yasuhara, Stephanie Brooks-Holliday, Sanjay Shah, Christopher King, Anne Bingham Dicarlo, Danielle Hamilton, Casey LaDuke

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Scopus citations


Community-based alternatives to conviction and imprisonment for adult offenders with severe mental illness are receiving increasing attention from researchers and policy makers. After discussing the justifications that have been offered in support of community-based alternatives, this article reviews the current empirical evidence relevant to such alternatives. The authors use the sequential intercept model as a guide and summarize the existing research at several points along the criminal justice continuum. They conclude by highlighting the gaps in existing research and discussing the need for further research in several key areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-419
Number of pages69
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012



  • community-based alternatives
  • offenders
  • sequential intercept model
  • severe mental illness

Cite this