Comparative study of chronic energy deficiency among adult males of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and their counterparts

Ramesh Sahani, Rajesh K. Gautam, Amir Golnabi, Neeraj Vedwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The indigenous islanders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are representing the earliest form of developmental stage, their nutritional assessment and anthropometric comparison with contemporary populations are the main objective of the present paper. In this study we present a cross sectional analysis of anthropometric data of 2010 individuals of 19 different groups. The data were collected by the trained anthropologists of Anthropological Survey of India, following standard techniques and ethical guidelines. It was found that the Indigenous Islanders have small body size as compared to immigrants and counterparts. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was found highest among the mainlanders. Highest prevalence of overweight was found among Great Andamanese (18.2%), followed by Onge (7.4%). Individuals below 21 years of age were not found to be overweight or obese. On the other side, 16.7% of individual of age 41+ of local born were found to be overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2). It can be concluded that the Indigenous people of the Islands are short in stature and nutritionally better than immigrants. The immigrants are better than their counterparts in the mainland, but still they are not able to reach at par of the indigenous people in the level of nutrition whereas logarithmic transformation of data and scaling exponent (β) of weight to height was found ∼2 across these populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAnthropological Review
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Islands
immigrant
energy
Nutrition Assessment
Anthropology
Body Size
scaling
Population
nutrition
India
Cross-Sectional Studies
Guidelines
Weights and Measures
Group

Keywords

  • indigenous people
  • migration
  • obesity
  • overweight
  • scaling exponent
  • undernutrition

Cite this

@article{8c5b757211ef4bfbad020e3962c1a7b0,
title = "Comparative study of chronic energy deficiency among adult males of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and their counterparts",
abstract = "The indigenous islanders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are representing the earliest form of developmental stage, their nutritional assessment and anthropometric comparison with contemporary populations are the main objective of the present paper. In this study we present a cross sectional analysis of anthropometric data of 2010 individuals of 19 different groups. The data were collected by the trained anthropologists of Anthropological Survey of India, following standard techniques and ethical guidelines. It was found that the Indigenous Islanders have small body size as compared to immigrants and counterparts. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was found highest among the mainlanders. Highest prevalence of overweight was found among Great Andamanese (18.2{\%}), followed by Onge (7.4{\%}). Individuals below 21 years of age were not found to be overweight or obese. On the other side, 16.7{\%} of individual of age 41+ of local born were found to be overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2). It can be concluded that the Indigenous people of the Islands are short in stature and nutritionally better than immigrants. The immigrants are better than their counterparts in the mainland, but still they are not able to reach at par of the indigenous people in the level of nutrition whereas logarithmic transformation of data and scaling exponent (β) of weight to height was found ∼2 across these populations.",
keywords = "indigenous people, migration, obesity, overweight, scaling exponent, undernutrition",
author = "Ramesh Sahani and Gautam, {Rajesh K.} and Amir Golnabi and Neeraj Vedwan",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2478/anre-2018-0001",
language = "English",
volume = "81",
pages = "1--17",
journal = "Anthropological Review",
issn = "1898-6773",
publisher = "de Gruyter",
number = "1",

}

Comparative study of chronic energy deficiency among adult males of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and their counterparts. / Sahani, Ramesh; Gautam, Rajesh K.; Golnabi, Amir; Vedwan, Neeraj.

In: Anthropological Review, Vol. 81, No. 1, 01.03.2018, p. 1-17.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparative study of chronic energy deficiency among adult males of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and their counterparts

AU - Sahani, Ramesh

AU - Gautam, Rajesh K.

AU - Golnabi, Amir

AU - Vedwan, Neeraj

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - The indigenous islanders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are representing the earliest form of developmental stage, their nutritional assessment and anthropometric comparison with contemporary populations are the main objective of the present paper. In this study we present a cross sectional analysis of anthropometric data of 2010 individuals of 19 different groups. The data were collected by the trained anthropologists of Anthropological Survey of India, following standard techniques and ethical guidelines. It was found that the Indigenous Islanders have small body size as compared to immigrants and counterparts. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was found highest among the mainlanders. Highest prevalence of overweight was found among Great Andamanese (18.2%), followed by Onge (7.4%). Individuals below 21 years of age were not found to be overweight or obese. On the other side, 16.7% of individual of age 41+ of local born were found to be overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2). It can be concluded that the Indigenous people of the Islands are short in stature and nutritionally better than immigrants. The immigrants are better than their counterparts in the mainland, but still they are not able to reach at par of the indigenous people in the level of nutrition whereas logarithmic transformation of data and scaling exponent (β) of weight to height was found ∼2 across these populations.

AB - The indigenous islanders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are representing the earliest form of developmental stage, their nutritional assessment and anthropometric comparison with contemporary populations are the main objective of the present paper. In this study we present a cross sectional analysis of anthropometric data of 2010 individuals of 19 different groups. The data were collected by the trained anthropologists of Anthropological Survey of India, following standard techniques and ethical guidelines. It was found that the Indigenous Islanders have small body size as compared to immigrants and counterparts. The prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was found highest among the mainlanders. Highest prevalence of overweight was found among Great Andamanese (18.2%), followed by Onge (7.4%). Individuals below 21 years of age were not found to be overweight or obese. On the other side, 16.7% of individual of age 41+ of local born were found to be overweight (BMI 25.0-29.9 kg/m2). It can be concluded that the Indigenous people of the Islands are short in stature and nutritionally better than immigrants. The immigrants are better than their counterparts in the mainland, but still they are not able to reach at par of the indigenous people in the level of nutrition whereas logarithmic transformation of data and scaling exponent (β) of weight to height was found ∼2 across these populations.

KW - indigenous people

KW - migration

KW - obesity

KW - overweight

KW - scaling exponent

KW - undernutrition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046069510&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2478/anre-2018-0001

DO - 10.2478/anre-2018-0001

M3 - Article

VL - 81

SP - 1

EP - 17

JO - Anthropological Review

JF - Anthropological Review

SN - 1898-6773

IS - 1

ER -