Complex Study of Foliar Application of Inorganic Nanofertilizers in Field Conditions: Impact on Crop Production and Environmental–Ecological Assessment

Marek Kolenčík, Martin Šebesta, Ľuba Ďurišová, Hana Ďúranová, Dávid Ernst, Samuel Kšiňan, Patrik Kósa, Ramakanth Illa, Monish Krishnamoorthy Baby, Alexandra Zapletalová, Viktor Straka, Jada Chakvavarthi, Vinod Babu Pusuluri, Yu Qian, Gabriela Kratošová, Veronika Žitniak Čurná, Jana Ivanič Porhajašová, Mária Babošová, Michal Ševera, Huan FengShadma Afzal, Nand K. Singh, Sasikumar Swamiappan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Inorganic nanoparticles (INPs) and nanomaterials (NMs) have a range of applications in various industries, including agriculture. Their small size, high surface-to-volume ratio, and unique physical and chemical properties make them suitable for use in different agricultural sectors. These materials have been recognized for their potential as nanofertilizers, enhancers of plant growth, and tools against plant pathogens. However, their long-term environmental and ecological impacts are still not well understood, particularly with regard to plant reproduction. This chapter focuses on (i) the classification of nanofertilizers, their commercial potential, and behavior in colloidal systems, specifically in the context of foliar application; (ii) the use of metal NPs, such as Au, Ag, ZnO, TiO2, and Fe2O3, in agriculture; (iii) the evaluation of INP uptake, distribution, and fate within the plant environment and their effects on field crop production, including yield, fruit quality, and physiological parameters; and (iv) the interaction of INPs and NMs with reproductive organs, flowers, and flowering and the impact on pollen quality and pollinators, as evaluated through agroecological assessments based on epigeic insect communities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanotechnology in the Life Sciences
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Pages507-560
Number of pages54
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Publication series

NameNanotechnology in the Life Sciences
VolumePart F1816
ISSN (Print)2523-8027
ISSN (Electronic)2523-8035

Keywords

  • Ag
  • Agronomy
  • Au
  • Environmental and agroecological hazards
  • Foliar application
  • Nanofertilizers
  • TiO and FeO nanoparticles
  • ZnO

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