A multiple-form structure (MFS) is an ordered collection or network of testlets (i.e., sets of items). An examinee's progression through the network of testlets is dictated by the correctness of an examinee's answers, thereby adapting the test to his or her trait level. The collection of paths through the network yields the set of all possible test forms, allowing test specialists the opportunity to review them before they are administered. Also, limiting the exposure of an individual MFS to a specific period of time can enhance test security. This article provides an overview of methods that have been developed to generate parallel MFSs. The approach is applied to the assembly of an experimental computerized Law School Admission Test (LSAT).
- Automated test assembly
- Computerized adaptive testing
- Item response theory
- Multiple-form structures