Context-Based Leisure Travel Facilitation among People with Mobility Challenges: A Self-Determination Theory Approach

Ye Zhang, Shu Cole, Peter Ricci, Jie Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In response to the pressing need to psychologically empower people with mobility challenges (PwMC) to travel, this study proposes the facilitation of self-determined travel motivations as a promising approach. The variation of self-determined travel facilitation across different challenge levels is examined through a quasi-experimental design and analyzed with a new test of moderated mediation based on Hayes’ (2015a) model. The results indicate that for PwMC with significant travel challenge levels, the tourism industry should prioritize the cultivation of intrinsic travel motivations and perceived travel competence satisfaction over less-autonomous motivation dimensions and satisfaction of alternative psychological needs. Such cross-context exploration extends self-determination theory with a new moderator of challenge levels. The adopted new analysis of moderated mediations is competitive regarding accuracy, efficiency, and robustness for less-controlled, real-world tourism experiments. Results can also guide the customization of motivational programs for different PwMC to maximize the effectiveness of psychological empowerment for travel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-62
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Travel Research
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • disabilities
  • moderated mediation analysis
  • quasi-experimental design
  • self-determination theory
  • travel challenges

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