Coparenting relationship trajectories

Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation

Jennifer L. Hardesty, Brian G. Ogolsky, Marcela Raffaelli, Angela Whittaker, Kimberly A. Crossman, Megan L. Haselschwerdt, Elissa Thomann Mitchell, Lyndal Khaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation. However, coparenting relationships differed considerably based on marital IPV experiences. At Time 1, mothers in relationships with coercive controlling violence (CCV) reported higher levels of harassment and conflict, and lower levels of support and communication about coparenting, than mothers with situational couple violence (SCV) or no violence (NV). Furthermore, coparenting relationship trajectories differed significantly by IPV group, with mothers who experienced CCV showing more variability in conflict and harassment, and more marked changes in conflict, support, and harassment. Despite many similarities, mothers with SCV showed higher initial levels of harassment compared to mothers with NV. Findings can support family court and social service professionals' efforts to individualize interventions with divorcing parents based on IPV experiences. In cases of CCV, for example, attention to heightened control dynamics in the immediate separation period remain critical but the persistent volatility across the first year suggests the potential for chronic stress. With SCV, practitioners may be able to capitalize on parents' reasonable levels of communication and steady coparenting support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)844-854
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Marriage
Violence
Mothers
Communication
Child Rearing
Parents
Volatilization
Divorce
Social Work
Conflict (Psychology)
Intimate Partner Violence
Interviews
Growth

Keywords

  • Coparenting
  • Divorce
  • Domestic violence
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Separation

Cite this

Hardesty, J. L., Ogolsky, B. G., Raffaelli, M., Whittaker, A., Crossman, K. A., Haselschwerdt, M. L., ... Khaw, L. (2017). Coparenting relationship trajectories: Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation. Journal of Family Psychology, 31(7), 844-854. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000323
Hardesty, Jennifer L. ; Ogolsky, Brian G. ; Raffaelli, Marcela ; Whittaker, Angela ; Crossman, Kimberly A. ; Haselschwerdt, Megan L. ; Mitchell, Elissa Thomann ; Khaw, Lyndal. / Coparenting relationship trajectories : Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation. In: Journal of Family Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 31, No. 7. pp. 844-854.
@article{7fc3b874608d4802af138a8319ddcc16,
title = "Coparenting relationship trajectories: Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation",
abstract = "Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation. However, coparenting relationships differed considerably based on marital IPV experiences. At Time 1, mothers in relationships with coercive controlling violence (CCV) reported higher levels of harassment and conflict, and lower levels of support and communication about coparenting, than mothers with situational couple violence (SCV) or no violence (NV). Furthermore, coparenting relationship trajectories differed significantly by IPV group, with mothers who experienced CCV showing more variability in conflict and harassment, and more marked changes in conflict, support, and harassment. Despite many similarities, mothers with SCV showed higher initial levels of harassment compared to mothers with NV. Findings can support family court and social service professionals' efforts to individualize interventions with divorcing parents based on IPV experiences. In cases of CCV, for example, attention to heightened control dynamics in the immediate separation period remain critical but the persistent volatility across the first year suggests the potential for chronic stress. With SCV, practitioners may be able to capitalize on parents' reasonable levels of communication and steady coparenting support.",
keywords = "Coparenting, Divorce, Domestic violence, Intimate partner violence, Separation",
author = "Hardesty, {Jennifer L.} and Ogolsky, {Brian G.} and Marcela Raffaelli and Angela Whittaker and Crossman, {Kimberly A.} and Haselschwerdt, {Megan L.} and Mitchell, {Elissa Thomann} and Lyndal Khaw",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1037/fam0000323",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "844--854",
journal = "Journal of Family Psychology",
issn = "0893-3200",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "7",

}

Hardesty, JL, Ogolsky, BG, Raffaelli, M, Whittaker, A, Crossman, KA, Haselschwerdt, ML, Mitchell, ET & Khaw, L 2017, 'Coparenting relationship trajectories: Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation', Journal of Family Psychology, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 844-854. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000323

Coparenting relationship trajectories : Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation. / Hardesty, Jennifer L.; Ogolsky, Brian G.; Raffaelli, Marcela; Whittaker, Angela; Crossman, Kimberly A.; Haselschwerdt, Megan L.; Mitchell, Elissa Thomann; Khaw, Lyndal.

In: Journal of Family Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 7, 01.10.2017, p. 844-854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coparenting relationship trajectories

T2 - Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation

AU - Hardesty, Jennifer L.

AU - Ogolsky, Brian G.

AU - Raffaelli, Marcela

AU - Whittaker, Angela

AU - Crossman, Kimberly A.

AU - Haselschwerdt, Megan L.

AU - Mitchell, Elissa Thomann

AU - Khaw, Lyndal

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation. However, coparenting relationships differed considerably based on marital IPV experiences. At Time 1, mothers in relationships with coercive controlling violence (CCV) reported higher levels of harassment and conflict, and lower levels of support and communication about coparenting, than mothers with situational couple violence (SCV) or no violence (NV). Furthermore, coparenting relationship trajectories differed significantly by IPV group, with mothers who experienced CCV showing more variability in conflict and harassment, and more marked changes in conflict, support, and harassment. Despite many similarities, mothers with SCV showed higher initial levels of harassment compared to mothers with NV. Findings can support family court and social service professionals' efforts to individualize interventions with divorcing parents based on IPV experiences. In cases of CCV, for example, attention to heightened control dynamics in the immediate separation period remain critical but the persistent volatility across the first year suggests the potential for chronic stress. With SCV, practitioners may be able to capitalize on parents' reasonable levels of communication and steady coparenting support.

AB - Associations between marital intimate partner violence (IPV) and postseparation coparenting relationship trajectories were examined among 135 mothers who participated in 5 interviews at 3-month intervals in the year following their divorce filing. Growth curve analysis was conducted to assess change and variability in coparenting dimensions (i.e., conflict, support, communication about child rearing, and harassment) in the overall sample and by type of IPV. In the overall sample, coparenting conflict, communication about child rearing, and harassment decreased across the year following separation. However, coparenting relationships differed considerably based on marital IPV experiences. At Time 1, mothers in relationships with coercive controlling violence (CCV) reported higher levels of harassment and conflict, and lower levels of support and communication about coparenting, than mothers with situational couple violence (SCV) or no violence (NV). Furthermore, coparenting relationship trajectories differed significantly by IPV group, with mothers who experienced CCV showing more variability in conflict and harassment, and more marked changes in conflict, support, and harassment. Despite many similarities, mothers with SCV showed higher initial levels of harassment compared to mothers with NV. Findings can support family court and social service professionals' efforts to individualize interventions with divorcing parents based on IPV experiences. In cases of CCV, for example, attention to heightened control dynamics in the immediate separation period remain critical but the persistent volatility across the first year suggests the potential for chronic stress. With SCV, practitioners may be able to capitalize on parents' reasonable levels of communication and steady coparenting support.

KW - Coparenting

KW - Divorce

KW - Domestic violence

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - Separation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032566724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/fam0000323

DO - 10.1037/fam0000323

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 844

EP - 854

JO - Journal of Family Psychology

JF - Journal of Family Psychology

SN - 0893-3200

IS - 7

ER -

Hardesty JL, Ogolsky BG, Raffaelli M, Whittaker A, Crossman KA, Haselschwerdt ML et al. Coparenting relationship trajectories: Marital violence linked to change and variability after separation. Journal of Family Psychology. 2017 Oct 1;31(7):844-854. https://doi.org/10.1037/fam0000323