Coping responses of Asian, Black, and Latino/Latina New York City residents following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States

Madonna G. Constantine, Vanessa Alleyne, Leon D. Caldwell, Mary B. McRae, Lisa A. Suzuki

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This study examined mechanisms for coping with adversity in a sample of 24 Asian, Black, and Latino/Latina residents of New York City following the September 11, 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks. Using consensual qualitative research methodology (C. E. Hill, B. J. Thompson, & E. N. Williams, 1997), the authors identified 7 broad coping domains used by the participants: (a) sought additional information about the WTC tragedy, (b) expressed a range of emotions, (c) sought or gave support, (d) engaged in religious or spiritual activities, (e) avoidance, (f) forbearance, and (g) used indigenous healing techniques. Although there were similarities across racial or cultural groups and genders with regard to the coping responses used, there also were unique coping strategies by racial or cultural background and gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-308
Number of pages16
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2005



  • Asian
  • Black
  • Coping responses
  • Latino/Latina
  • Septmber 11
  • Terrorist attacks

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