Crystal growth of high temperature superconductors - Problems, successes, opportunities

R. A. Laudise, L. F. Schneemeyer, R. L. Barns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chemistry of oxide superconductors, especially those of the YBa2Cu3Ox family, is discussed with respect to their crystal growth. YBa2Cu3Ox melts incongruently, loses oxygen at elevated temperatures and reacts with water. Present knowledge of the appropriate phase diagrams is reviewed. Major important methods of crystal growth are summarized and their present applicability to YBa2Cu3Ox is discussed. In addition, recent results on the melt growth of bulk crystals from melt compositions near the ternary eutectic and on the growth of thin oriented, partly epitaxial films by vapor growth using thermal and e-beam vapors and MBE are described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-575
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1987

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