Culture of cotyledons of Douglas‐fir on a medium for the induction of adventitious shoots induces rapid changes in polypeptide profiles and mRNA populations

Michael A. Campbell, John Gaynor, Edward G. Kirby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cotyledons of 3‐ to 4‐week‐old seedlings of Douglas‐fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb). Franco] were treated with shoot induction medium (SIM) containing 5 μM 6N‐benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 5 nM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Fresh weight, dry weight and soluble protein levels were not altered within the first 48 h of SIM treatment. SIM‐treated cotyledons were labelled in vivo with 35SO4 2‐, and TCA‐insoluble proteins were analyzed electrophoretically by a 2‐dimensional system consisting of non‐equilibrium electrophoresis (NEPHGE) followed by sodium dode‐cylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS‐PAGE). A basic polypeptide with a relative molecular weight of 14.5 kDa was detected 32 h after induction and after 48 h a number of polypeptides in the 14 to 35 kDa range were induced. Translation products of poly‐A+ RNA isolated from cotyledons treated with SIM for 4, 16, 32 and 48 h were analyzed by using 2‐dimensional NEPHGE‐SDS‐PAGE. Both qualitative and quantitative differences in the translation products were observed at all time points investigated. Expression of a specific RNA coding for a 30 kDa polypeptide was demonstrated as early as 4 h after culture on SIM. This RNA was also present at 16 h, but decreased with longer SIM treatments. Thus, culture of excised cotyledons on a medium inducing the formation of adventitious shoots results in rapid quantitative and qualitative changes in the polypeptide composition and translatable RNA population prior to morphological evidence of shoot induction. 1992 Physiologia Plantarum

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Number of pages9
JournalPhysiologia Plantarum
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1992

Fingerprint

Cotyledon
adventitious shoots
cotyledons
polypeptides
RNA
Messenger RNA
Peptides
shoots
Population
Pseudotsuga
Naphthaleneacetic Acids
Weights and Measures
translation (genetics)
Seedlings
Electrophoresis
Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis
Proteins
Molecular Weight
Sodium
Pseudotsuga menziesii

Keywords

  • Adventitious shoots
  • cytokinins
  • Douglas‐fir
  • mRNAs
  • phytohormones
  • plant development
  • protein synthesis
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii

Cite this

@article{018802eb134541bd9d2e460c35ee2ef1,
title = "Culture of cotyledons of Douglas‐fir on a medium for the induction of adventitious shoots induces rapid changes in polypeptide profiles and mRNA populations",
abstract = "Cotyledons of 3‐ to 4‐week‐old seedlings of Douglas‐fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb). Franco] were treated with shoot induction medium (SIM) containing 5 μM 6N‐benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 5 nM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Fresh weight, dry weight and soluble protein levels were not altered within the first 48 h of SIM treatment. SIM‐treated cotyledons were labelled in vivo with 35SO4 2‐, and TCA‐insoluble proteins were analyzed electrophoretically by a 2‐dimensional system consisting of non‐equilibrium electrophoresis (NEPHGE) followed by sodium dode‐cylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS‐PAGE). A basic polypeptide with a relative molecular weight of 14.5 kDa was detected 32 h after induction and after 48 h a number of polypeptides in the 14 to 35 kDa range were induced. Translation products of poly‐A+ RNA isolated from cotyledons treated with SIM for 4, 16, 32 and 48 h were analyzed by using 2‐dimensional NEPHGE‐SDS‐PAGE. Both qualitative and quantitative differences in the translation products were observed at all time points investigated. Expression of a specific RNA coding for a 30 kDa polypeptide was demonstrated as early as 4 h after culture on SIM. This RNA was also present at 16 h, but decreased with longer SIM treatments. Thus, culture of excised cotyledons on a medium inducing the formation of adventitious shoots results in rapid quantitative and qualitative changes in the polypeptide composition and translatable RNA population prior to morphological evidence of shoot induction. 1992 Physiologia Plantarum",
keywords = "Adventitious shoots, cytokinins, Douglas‐fir, mRNAs, phytohormones, plant development, protein synthesis, Pseudotsuga menziesii",
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year = "1992",
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doi = "10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb04721.x",
language = "English",
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journal = "Physiologia Plantarum",
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}

Culture of cotyledons of Douglas‐fir on a medium for the induction of adventitious shoots induces rapid changes in polypeptide profiles and mRNA populations. / Campbell, Michael A.; Gaynor, John; Kirby, Edward G.

In: Physiologia Plantarum, Vol. 85, No. 2, 01.01.1992, p. 180-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Culture of cotyledons of Douglas‐fir on a medium for the induction of adventitious shoots induces rapid changes in polypeptide profiles and mRNA populations

AU - Campbell, Michael A.

AU - Gaynor, John

AU - Kirby, Edward G.

PY - 1992/1/1

Y1 - 1992/1/1

N2 - Cotyledons of 3‐ to 4‐week‐old seedlings of Douglas‐fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb). Franco] were treated with shoot induction medium (SIM) containing 5 μM 6N‐benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 5 nM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Fresh weight, dry weight and soluble protein levels were not altered within the first 48 h of SIM treatment. SIM‐treated cotyledons were labelled in vivo with 35SO4 2‐, and TCA‐insoluble proteins were analyzed electrophoretically by a 2‐dimensional system consisting of non‐equilibrium electrophoresis (NEPHGE) followed by sodium dode‐cylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS‐PAGE). A basic polypeptide with a relative molecular weight of 14.5 kDa was detected 32 h after induction and after 48 h a number of polypeptides in the 14 to 35 kDa range were induced. Translation products of poly‐A+ RNA isolated from cotyledons treated with SIM for 4, 16, 32 and 48 h were analyzed by using 2‐dimensional NEPHGE‐SDS‐PAGE. Both qualitative and quantitative differences in the translation products were observed at all time points investigated. Expression of a specific RNA coding for a 30 kDa polypeptide was demonstrated as early as 4 h after culture on SIM. This RNA was also present at 16 h, but decreased with longer SIM treatments. Thus, culture of excised cotyledons on a medium inducing the formation of adventitious shoots results in rapid quantitative and qualitative changes in the polypeptide composition and translatable RNA population prior to morphological evidence of shoot induction. 1992 Physiologia Plantarum

AB - Cotyledons of 3‐ to 4‐week‐old seedlings of Douglas‐fir [Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb). Franco] were treated with shoot induction medium (SIM) containing 5 μM 6N‐benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 5 nM naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Fresh weight, dry weight and soluble protein levels were not altered within the first 48 h of SIM treatment. SIM‐treated cotyledons were labelled in vivo with 35SO4 2‐, and TCA‐insoluble proteins were analyzed electrophoretically by a 2‐dimensional system consisting of non‐equilibrium electrophoresis (NEPHGE) followed by sodium dode‐cylsulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS‐PAGE). A basic polypeptide with a relative molecular weight of 14.5 kDa was detected 32 h after induction and after 48 h a number of polypeptides in the 14 to 35 kDa range were induced. Translation products of poly‐A+ RNA isolated from cotyledons treated with SIM for 4, 16, 32 and 48 h were analyzed by using 2‐dimensional NEPHGE‐SDS‐PAGE. Both qualitative and quantitative differences in the translation products were observed at all time points investigated. Expression of a specific RNA coding for a 30 kDa polypeptide was demonstrated as early as 4 h after culture on SIM. This RNA was also present at 16 h, but decreased with longer SIM treatments. Thus, culture of excised cotyledons on a medium inducing the formation of adventitious shoots results in rapid quantitative and qualitative changes in the polypeptide composition and translatable RNA population prior to morphological evidence of shoot induction. 1992 Physiologia Plantarum

KW - Adventitious shoots

KW - cytokinins

KW - Douglas‐fir

KW - mRNAs

KW - phytohormones

KW - plant development

KW - protein synthesis

KW - Pseudotsuga menziesii

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U2 - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb04721.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1399-3054.1992.tb04721.x

M3 - Article

VL - 85

SP - 180

EP - 188

JO - Physiologia Plantarum

JF - Physiologia Plantarum

SN - 0031-9317

IS - 2

ER -