Deep Reinforcement Learning for Collaborative Computation Offloading on Internet of Vehicles

Yureng Li, Shouzhi Xu, Dawei Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With the increase of Internet of vehicles (IoVs) traffic, the contradiction between a large number of computing tasks and limited computing resources has become increasingly prominent. Although many existing studies have been proposed to solve this problem, their main consideration is to achieve different optimization goals in the case of edge offloading in static scenarios. Since realistic scenarios are complicated and generally time-varying, these studies in static scenes are imperfect. In this paper, we consider a collaborative computation offloading in a time-varying edge-cloud network, and we formulate an optimization problem with considering both delay constraints and resource constraints, aiming to minimize the long-term system cost. Since the set of feasible solutions to the problem is nonconvex, and the complexity of the problem is very large, we propose a Q-learning-based approach to solve the optimization problem. In addition, due to the dimensional catastrophes, we further propose a DQN-based approach to solve the optimization problem. Finally, by comparing our two proposed algorithms with typical algorithms, the simulation results show that our proposed approaches achieve better performance. Under the same conditions, by comparing our two proposed algorithms with typical algorithms, the simulation results show that our proposed Q-learning-based method reduces the system cost by about 49% and 42% compared to typical algorithms. And in the same case, compared with the classical two schemes, our proposed DQN-based scheme reduces the system cost by 62% and 57%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6457099
JournalWireless Communications and Mobile Computing
Volume2021
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

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