Deficits in adults with autism spectrum disorders when processing multiple objects in dynamic scenes

Kirsten O'Hearn, Laura Lakusta, Elizabeth Schroer, Nancy Minshew, Beatriz Luna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) process visual information in a manner that is distinct from typically developing individuals. They may be less sensitive to people's goals and, more generally, focus on visual details instead of the entire scene. To examine these differences, people with and without ASD were asked to detect changes in dynamic scenes with multiple elements. Participants viewed a brief video of a person or an inanimate object (the "figure") moving from one object to another; after a delay, they reported whether a second video was the same or different. Possible changes included the figure, the object the figure was moving from, or the object the figure was moving toward (the "goal"). We hypothesized that individuals with ASD would be less sensitive to changes in scenes with people, particularly elements that might be the person's goal. Alternately, people with ASD might attend to fewer elements regardless of whether the scene included a person. Our results indicate that, like controls, people with ASD noticed a change in the "goal" object at the end of a person's movement more often than the object at the start. However, the group with ASD did not undergo the developmental improvement that was evident typically when detecting changes in both the start and end objects. This atypical development led to deficits in adults with ASD that were not specific to scenes with people or to "goals." Improvements in visual processing that underlie mature representation of scenes may not occur in ASD, suggesting that late developing brain processes are affected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-142
Number of pages11
JournalAutism Research
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2011

Fingerprint

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Brain

Keywords

  • ASD
  • Change detection
  • Development
  • Developmental disorder
  • People perception
  • Social cognition

Cite this

O'Hearn, Kirsten ; Lakusta, Laura ; Schroer, Elizabeth ; Minshew, Nancy ; Luna, Beatriz. / Deficits in adults with autism spectrum disorders when processing multiple objects in dynamic scenes. In: Autism Research. 2011 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 132-142.
@article{321811b08a124d2bac01c8b56e11f99e,
title = "Deficits in adults with autism spectrum disorders when processing multiple objects in dynamic scenes",
abstract = "People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) process visual information in a manner that is distinct from typically developing individuals. They may be less sensitive to people's goals and, more generally, focus on visual details instead of the entire scene. To examine these differences, people with and without ASD were asked to detect changes in dynamic scenes with multiple elements. Participants viewed a brief video of a person or an inanimate object (the {"}figure{"}) moving from one object to another; after a delay, they reported whether a second video was the same or different. Possible changes included the figure, the object the figure was moving from, or the object the figure was moving toward (the {"}goal{"}). We hypothesized that individuals with ASD would be less sensitive to changes in scenes with people, particularly elements that might be the person's goal. Alternately, people with ASD might attend to fewer elements regardless of whether the scene included a person. Our results indicate that, like controls, people with ASD noticed a change in the {"}goal{"} object at the end of a person's movement more often than the object at the start. However, the group with ASD did not undergo the developmental improvement that was evident typically when detecting changes in both the start and end objects. This atypical development led to deficits in adults with ASD that were not specific to scenes with people or to {"}goals.{"} Improvements in visual processing that underlie mature representation of scenes may not occur in ASD, suggesting that late developing brain processes are affected.",
keywords = "ASD, Change detection, Development, Developmental disorder, People perception, Social cognition",
author = "Kirsten O'Hearn and Laura Lakusta and Elizabeth Schroer and Nancy Minshew and Beatriz Luna",
year = "2011",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/aur.179",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "132--142",
journal = "Autism Research",
issn = "1939-3792",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "2",

}

Deficits in adults with autism spectrum disorders when processing multiple objects in dynamic scenes. / O'Hearn, Kirsten; Lakusta, Laura; Schroer, Elizabeth; Minshew, Nancy; Luna, Beatriz.

In: Autism Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, 01.04.2011, p. 132-142.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Deficits in adults with autism spectrum disorders when processing multiple objects in dynamic scenes

AU - O'Hearn, Kirsten

AU - Lakusta, Laura

AU - Schroer, Elizabeth

AU - Minshew, Nancy

AU - Luna, Beatriz

PY - 2011/4/1

Y1 - 2011/4/1

N2 - People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) process visual information in a manner that is distinct from typically developing individuals. They may be less sensitive to people's goals and, more generally, focus on visual details instead of the entire scene. To examine these differences, people with and without ASD were asked to detect changes in dynamic scenes with multiple elements. Participants viewed a brief video of a person or an inanimate object (the "figure") moving from one object to another; after a delay, they reported whether a second video was the same or different. Possible changes included the figure, the object the figure was moving from, or the object the figure was moving toward (the "goal"). We hypothesized that individuals with ASD would be less sensitive to changes in scenes with people, particularly elements that might be the person's goal. Alternately, people with ASD might attend to fewer elements regardless of whether the scene included a person. Our results indicate that, like controls, people with ASD noticed a change in the "goal" object at the end of a person's movement more often than the object at the start. However, the group with ASD did not undergo the developmental improvement that was evident typically when detecting changes in both the start and end objects. This atypical development led to deficits in adults with ASD that were not specific to scenes with people or to "goals." Improvements in visual processing that underlie mature representation of scenes may not occur in ASD, suggesting that late developing brain processes are affected.

AB - People with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) process visual information in a manner that is distinct from typically developing individuals. They may be less sensitive to people's goals and, more generally, focus on visual details instead of the entire scene. To examine these differences, people with and without ASD were asked to detect changes in dynamic scenes with multiple elements. Participants viewed a brief video of a person or an inanimate object (the "figure") moving from one object to another; after a delay, they reported whether a second video was the same or different. Possible changes included the figure, the object the figure was moving from, or the object the figure was moving toward (the "goal"). We hypothesized that individuals with ASD would be less sensitive to changes in scenes with people, particularly elements that might be the person's goal. Alternately, people with ASD might attend to fewer elements regardless of whether the scene included a person. Our results indicate that, like controls, people with ASD noticed a change in the "goal" object at the end of a person's movement more often than the object at the start. However, the group with ASD did not undergo the developmental improvement that was evident typically when detecting changes in both the start and end objects. This atypical development led to deficits in adults with ASD that were not specific to scenes with people or to "goals." Improvements in visual processing that underlie mature representation of scenes may not occur in ASD, suggesting that late developing brain processes are affected.

KW - ASD

KW - Change detection

KW - Development

KW - Developmental disorder

KW - People perception

KW - Social cognition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953763504&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/aur.179

DO - 10.1002/aur.179

M3 - Article

C2 - 21254449

AN - SCOPUS:79953763504

VL - 4

SP - 132

EP - 142

JO - Autism Research

JF - Autism Research

SN - 1939-3792

IS - 2

ER -