Developing Sustainability Indicators for Woody Biomass Harvesting in the United States

Pankaj Lal, Janaki R.R. Alavalapati, Marian Marinescu, Jagannadha Rao Matta, Puneet Dwivedi, Andres Susaeta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bioenergy production has increased significantly in the last decade, and recent legislative efforts such as the discussion draft for the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 and the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 are expected to encourage even more growth. The growing demand for bioenergy will necessitate production of large quantities of woody biomass and plant residues if it is to be met. However, concerns are being raised as to how increased pressures will affect the sustainability of woody biomass. In order to avoid potential pitfalls and ensure the sustainability of wood-based bioenergy systems, a set of sustainability indicators needs to be developed. Some of these indicators can be based on standards similar to those developed for sustainable forest management, energy balances, greenhouse gas emission reductions, and existing codes and guidelines for biomass harvesting. This article discusses a potential set of sustainability indicators encompassing ecological, economic, and social principles for harvesting woody biomass for bioenergy. The extent to which existing standards and certification systems reflect these indicators is elaborated upon. Methods for making these standards operational are also suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-755
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Sustainable Forestry
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011

Fingerprint

bioenergy
Biomass
Sustainable development
sustainability
biomass
energy
act
plant residue
ecological economics
plant residues
sustainable forestry
Forestry
Certification
renewable energy sources
certification
greenhouse gas emissions
Energy balance
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
energy balance

Keywords

  • biofuels
  • certification
  • standards
  • sustainability principles
  • sustainable forest management
  • woody biomass

Cite this

Lal, Pankaj ; Alavalapati, Janaki R.R. ; Marinescu, Marian ; Matta, Jagannadha Rao ; Dwivedi, Puneet ; Susaeta, Andres. / Developing Sustainability Indicators for Woody Biomass Harvesting in the United States. In: Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 2011 ; Vol. 30, No. 8. pp. 736-755.
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Developing Sustainability Indicators for Woody Biomass Harvesting in the United States. / Lal, Pankaj; Alavalapati, Janaki R.R.; Marinescu, Marian; Matta, Jagannadha Rao; Dwivedi, Puneet; Susaeta, Andres.

In: Journal of Sustainable Forestry, Vol. 30, No. 8, 01.12.2011, p. 736-755.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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