Direct and indirect analysis of the fitness of Chrysochus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) hybrids

M. A. Peterson, K. J. Monsen, H. Pedersen, T. McFarland, J. Bearden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The chrysomelid beetles Chrysochus auratus and C. cobaltinus form a narrow hybrid zone in western North America. We used a combination of direct and indirect analyses to examine the fitness of Chrysochus hybrids. For the direct analyses, we compared the mating frequency, longevity, fecundity and fertility of hybrid females and parentals. For the indirect approach, we tested predictions of multilocus genotype frequencies at a focal site in the hybrid zone, based on the frequencies of mating combinations during the previous generation. Hybrid females produced fewer eggs than did parentals and the eggs they produced in the lab failed to hatch, in contrast to those of parental females. In addition, contrary to predictions that 15.8% of the individuals at the focal site would have multilocus genotypes other than those expected of parentals or F1 individuals, we found no such genotypes at this site. This hybrid zone appears to be an example of a classic tension zone, with endogenous selection against hybrid individuals. We discuss the implications of low hybrid fitness for the evolution of premating barriers in this system, and argue that the integration of direct and indirect approaches is a powerful means of assessing the relative fitness of hybrids, particularly for species in which mate choices are easy to observe in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)273-286
Number of pages14
JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Endogenous selection
  • Fecundity
  • Hybrid zone
  • Introgression
  • Multilocus genotypes
  • Postzygotic barriers
  • Reinforcement
  • Speciation
  • Tension zone

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