Distinguishing sediments from the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, China

A mineral magnetic approach

Weiguo Zhang, Yu Xing, Lizhon Yu, Huan Feng, Min Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Yellow River and the Yangtze River contribute ∼10% of the global fluvial sediment flux to the oceans. Proper characterization of the sediments of the two rivers is critical to the knowledge of their fate in the marginal seas of the west Pacific Ocean. Magnetic measurements have been made on bulk sediments as well as on separated particle size fractions of representative samples from the Yellow and Yangtze River estuaries, with the purpose of providing an efficient means of differentiating both groups of river sediments from each other. We found that on average the Yangtze River estuary sediments have relatively higher ferrimagnetic mineral contents and ferrimagnetic to antiferromagentic ratios compared with the Yellow River estuary sediments. A diagram of Saturated Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) versus the demagnetization parameter S-100 can clearly distinguish sediments from the two rivers. Detailed magnetic measurements carried out on particle size fractions provide additional confirmation of magnetic contrasts between the two sets of river sediment samples. These contrasts reflect differences in lithology and weathering regimes in the catchments. To minimize possible biogenic and postdepositional diagenetic overprint in the marine environment, it is recommended that magnetic comparison on the coarser materials (eg, >4 μm) be carried out in addition to bulk measurements. This study shows that the magnetic approach can therefore provide a potentially efficient means of discriminating sediment sources in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. In view of the rapid variations in sediment load carried by these two rivers in recent years, the present data set also provides a baseline against which possible future variations in sediment composition resulting from catchment changes can be assessed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1145
Number of pages7
JournalHolocene
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2008

Fingerprint

magnetic mineral
river
sediment
estuary
fluvial deposit
particle size
catchment
marginal sea
Yellow River
Minerals
Sediment
China
demagnetization
remanent magnetization
ocean
alluvial deposit
marine environment
lithology
weathering
diagram

Keywords

  • China
  • Environmental magnetism
  • Magnetic discrimination
  • Mineral magnetics
  • Particle size
  • Sediment source
  • Yangtze River
  • Yellow River

Cite this

Zhang, Weiguo ; Xing, Yu ; Yu, Lizhon ; Feng, Huan ; Lu, Min. / Distinguishing sediments from the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, China : A mineral magnetic approach. In: Holocene. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 1139-1145.
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Distinguishing sediments from the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, China : A mineral magnetic approach. / Zhang, Weiguo; Xing, Yu; Yu, Lizhon; Feng, Huan; Lu, Min.

In: Holocene, Vol. 18, No. 7, 01.11.2008, p. 1139-1145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Distinguishing sediments from the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, China

T2 - A mineral magnetic approach

AU - Zhang, Weiguo

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N2 - The Yellow River and the Yangtze River contribute ∼10% of the global fluvial sediment flux to the oceans. Proper characterization of the sediments of the two rivers is critical to the knowledge of their fate in the marginal seas of the west Pacific Ocean. Magnetic measurements have been made on bulk sediments as well as on separated particle size fractions of representative samples from the Yellow and Yangtze River estuaries, with the purpose of providing an efficient means of differentiating both groups of river sediments from each other. We found that on average the Yangtze River estuary sediments have relatively higher ferrimagnetic mineral contents and ferrimagnetic to antiferromagentic ratios compared with the Yellow River estuary sediments. A diagram of Saturated Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) versus the demagnetization parameter S-100 can clearly distinguish sediments from the two rivers. Detailed magnetic measurements carried out on particle size fractions provide additional confirmation of magnetic contrasts between the two sets of river sediment samples. These contrasts reflect differences in lithology and weathering regimes in the catchments. To minimize possible biogenic and postdepositional diagenetic overprint in the marine environment, it is recommended that magnetic comparison on the coarser materials (eg, >4 μm) be carried out in addition to bulk measurements. This study shows that the magnetic approach can therefore provide a potentially efficient means of discriminating sediment sources in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. In view of the rapid variations in sediment load carried by these two rivers in recent years, the present data set also provides a baseline against which possible future variations in sediment composition resulting from catchment changes can be assessed.

AB - The Yellow River and the Yangtze River contribute ∼10% of the global fluvial sediment flux to the oceans. Proper characterization of the sediments of the two rivers is critical to the knowledge of their fate in the marginal seas of the west Pacific Ocean. Magnetic measurements have been made on bulk sediments as well as on separated particle size fractions of representative samples from the Yellow and Yangtze River estuaries, with the purpose of providing an efficient means of differentiating both groups of river sediments from each other. We found that on average the Yangtze River estuary sediments have relatively higher ferrimagnetic mineral contents and ferrimagnetic to antiferromagentic ratios compared with the Yellow River estuary sediments. A diagram of Saturated Isothermal Remanent Magnetization (SIRM) versus the demagnetization parameter S-100 can clearly distinguish sediments from the two rivers. Detailed magnetic measurements carried out on particle size fractions provide additional confirmation of magnetic contrasts between the two sets of river sediment samples. These contrasts reflect differences in lithology and weathering regimes in the catchments. To minimize possible biogenic and postdepositional diagenetic overprint in the marine environment, it is recommended that magnetic comparison on the coarser materials (eg, >4 μm) be carried out in addition to bulk measurements. This study shows that the magnetic approach can therefore provide a potentially efficient means of discriminating sediment sources in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea. In view of the rapid variations in sediment load carried by these two rivers in recent years, the present data set also provides a baseline against which possible future variations in sediment composition resulting from catchment changes can be assessed.

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