Education of Afghan refugee children in Iran: A structured review of policies

Hamed Seddighi, Mitra Naseh, Maryam Rafieifar, Passion Ilea

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Iran has been among the top ten largest refugee-host countries worldwide, sheltering one of the largest groups of forced migrants from Afghanistan during the past four decades. This policy paper briefly examines and summarizes the policies related to education of Afghan children in Iran through a structured review. The results of this review suggest that higher education has been and continues to be heavily restricted for Afghans. While access to primary education has improved for Afghans in Iran, policies continue to neglect both cultural specificity and unique needs of this group. Therefore, enrolment has remained restricted. The findings of our policy analysis call for further attention to culturally relevant education, financial assistance for families living in poverty and interventions to subsidize the cost of education to ensure access of all Afghan children to primary education and retain enrolment. Results also call for reconsiderations in restrictive higher education policies for Afghans in Iran.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)712-726
Number of pages15
JournalChildren and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2024


  • education
  • middle east
  • migration
  • policy analysis
  • school


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