Energy-supply security and energy intensity

Some observations from the 1970-2005 interval

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

As a consequence of the powerful changes that have occurred over the last three decades in the principal 'drivers' of economic change, there have been significant realignments in the global patterns of production and consumption of natural resources, as well as in the intensity of their use, in the quest to raise the level of material well-being throughout the world. In this paper, three large energy-consuming (and/or -producing) countries are examined - the USA, China and Russia - and the story of a generation's economic progress (or decline, as the case may be) is seen through the lens of energy consumption - the 'stuff' that fuels a modern 'standard of living'.After presenting data on gross domestic product, population, the observed levels and annual growth rates of consumption and production of three fuel minerals over a 35-year interval ending in 2005 for these countries and for the world, the paper includes a description of these countries' growing import dependence (or, as the case may be, their enhanced or reduced role as an exporter to the world economy) for some, or all, of these critical resources over this time period. These changing trends contribute to one of today's 'front-burner' public policy issues: energy-supply security. The last section of the paper examines the changing 'intensity-of-use' of oil and total energy. The paper concludes with some remarks on the geopolitical/environmental dilemma associated with these energy resources, which is intensifying as we approach the beginning of the second decade of the twenty-first century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-197
Number of pages14
JournalMinerals and Energy - Raw Materials Report
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2008

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energy supply
energy
pattern of production
gross domestic product
twenty first century
living standard
standard of living
world economy
energy resource
economic change
energy consumption
economics
Gross Domestic Product
resources
twenty-first century
import
natural resources
public policy
natural resource
Russia

Cite this

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title = "Energy-supply security and energy intensity: Some observations from the 1970-2005 interval",
abstract = "As a consequence of the powerful changes that have occurred over the last three decades in the principal 'drivers' of economic change, there have been significant realignments in the global patterns of production and consumption of natural resources, as well as in the intensity of their use, in the quest to raise the level of material well-being throughout the world. In this paper, three large energy-consuming (and/or -producing) countries are examined - the USA, China and Russia - and the story of a generation's economic progress (or decline, as the case may be) is seen through the lens of energy consumption - the 'stuff' that fuels a modern 'standard of living'.After presenting data on gross domestic product, population, the observed levels and annual growth rates of consumption and production of three fuel minerals over a 35-year interval ending in 2005 for these countries and for the world, the paper includes a description of these countries' growing import dependence (or, as the case may be, their enhanced or reduced role as an exporter to the world economy) for some, or all, of these critical resources over this time period. These changing trends contribute to one of today's 'front-burner' public policy issues: energy-supply security. The last section of the paper examines the changing 'intensity-of-use' of oil and total energy. The paper concludes with some remarks on the geopolitical/environmental dilemma associated with these energy resources, which is intensifying as we approach the beginning of the second decade of the twenty-first century.",
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Energy-supply security and energy intensity : Some observations from the 1970-2005 interval. / Sohn, Ira.

In: Minerals and Energy - Raw Materials Report, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.12.2008, p. 184-197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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