Environmental and botanical controls on peatification - a comparative study of two New Zealand restiad bogs using Py-GC/MS, petrography and fungal analysis

T. Kuder, Michael Kruge, J. C. Shearer, S. L. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The chemical properties of two restiad species, Empodisma minus and Sporadanthus traversii, and their use as peat-formers in a climate of the North Island of New Zealand were studied. The presence of non-lignin polyphenols in restiads may be an important factor in peat formation due to the allelopathic decay retardation. The degradation patterns of the plant biopolymers were examined and the pathway of degradation of monocotyledons was identified. The degree of lignin breakdown, together with proportions of fungal hyphae and petrographic character, indicated that Moanatuatua underwent a far more aerobic decay throughout its development than its climatic and vegetational equivalent, Kopouatai.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-27
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Coal Geology
Volume37
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1998

Fingerprint

Petrography
Peat
bog
petrography
peat
comparative study
monocotyledon
Degradation
degradation
Biopolymers
Lignin
Chemical properties
lignin
chemical property
climate
analysis
Polyphenols

Cite this

@article{89aeb053f0e14088af5efe4558373ac1,
title = "Environmental and botanical controls on peatification - a comparative study of two New Zealand restiad bogs using Py-GC/MS, petrography and fungal analysis",
abstract = "The chemical properties of two restiad species, Empodisma minus and Sporadanthus traversii, and their use as peat-formers in a climate of the North Island of New Zealand were studied. The presence of non-lignin polyphenols in restiads may be an important factor in peat formation due to the allelopathic decay retardation. The degradation patterns of the plant biopolymers were examined and the pathway of degradation of monocotyledons was identified. The degree of lignin breakdown, together with proportions of fungal hyphae and petrographic character, indicated that Moanatuatua underwent a far more aerobic decay throughout its development than its climatic and vegetational equivalent, Kopouatai.",
author = "T. Kuder and Michael Kruge and Shearer, {J. C.} and Miller, {S. L.}",
year = "1998",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/S0166-5162(98)00022-6",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "3--27",
journal = "International Journal of Coal Geology",
issn = "0166-5162",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

Environmental and botanical controls on peatification - a comparative study of two New Zealand restiad bogs using Py-GC/MS, petrography and fungal analysis. / Kuder, T.; Kruge, Michael; Shearer, J. C.; Miller, S. L.

In: International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 37, No. 1-2, 01.09.1998, p. 3-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental and botanical controls on peatification - a comparative study of two New Zealand restiad bogs using Py-GC/MS, petrography and fungal analysis

AU - Kuder, T.

AU - Kruge, Michael

AU - Shearer, J. C.

AU - Miller, S. L.

PY - 1998/9/1

Y1 - 1998/9/1

N2 - The chemical properties of two restiad species, Empodisma minus and Sporadanthus traversii, and their use as peat-formers in a climate of the North Island of New Zealand were studied. The presence of non-lignin polyphenols in restiads may be an important factor in peat formation due to the allelopathic decay retardation. The degradation patterns of the plant biopolymers were examined and the pathway of degradation of monocotyledons was identified. The degree of lignin breakdown, together with proportions of fungal hyphae and petrographic character, indicated that Moanatuatua underwent a far more aerobic decay throughout its development than its climatic and vegetational equivalent, Kopouatai.

AB - The chemical properties of two restiad species, Empodisma minus and Sporadanthus traversii, and their use as peat-formers in a climate of the North Island of New Zealand were studied. The presence of non-lignin polyphenols in restiads may be an important factor in peat formation due to the allelopathic decay retardation. The degradation patterns of the plant biopolymers were examined and the pathway of degradation of monocotyledons was identified. The degree of lignin breakdown, together with proportions of fungal hyphae and petrographic character, indicated that Moanatuatua underwent a far more aerobic decay throughout its development than its climatic and vegetational equivalent, Kopouatai.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0343869233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0166-5162(98)00022-6

DO - 10.1016/S0166-5162(98)00022-6

M3 - Article

VL - 37

SP - 3

EP - 27

JO - International Journal of Coal Geology

JF - International Journal of Coal Geology

SN - 0166-5162

IS - 1-2

ER -