Exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure

Role of purinergic receptors

Jody L. Greaney, Evan Matthews, Mary E. Boggs, David G. Edwards, Randall L. Duncan, William B. Farquhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The neurocirculatory responses to exercise are exaggerated in hypertension, increasing cardiovascular risk, yet the mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effectiveness of pyridoxal-5-phosphate as a purinergic (P2) receptor antagonist in isolated murine dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and the in vivo contribution of P2 receptors to the neurocirculatory responses to exercise in older adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure (BP). In vitro, pyridoxal-5-phosphate attenuated the ATP-induced increases in [Ca2+]i (73 ± 15 vs. 11 ± 3 nM; P < 0.05). In vivo, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; peroneal microneurography) and arterial BP (Finometer) were assessed during exercise pressor reflex activation (static handgrip followed by postexercise ischemia; PEI) during a control trial (normal saline) and localized P2 receptor blockade (pyridoxal-5-phosphate). Compared with normotensive adults (63 ± 2 yr, 117 ± 2/70 ± 2 mmHg), adults with moderately elevated systolic BP (65 ± 1 yr, 138 ± 5/79 ± 3 mmHg) demonstrated greater increases in MSNA and BP during handgrip and PEI. Compared with the control trial, local antagonism of P2 receptors during PEI partially attenuated MSNA (39 ± 4 vs. 34 ± 5 bursts/min; P < 0.05) in adults with moderately elevated systolic BP. In conclusion, these data demonstrate pyridoxal-5-phosphate is an effective P2 receptor antagonist in isolated DRG neurons, which are of particular relevance to the exercise pressor reflex. Furthermore, these findings indicate that exercise pressor reflex function is exaggerated in older adults with moderately elevated systolic BP and further suggest a modest role of purinergic receptors in evoking the abnormally large reflex-mediated increases in sympathetic activity during exercise in this clinical population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume306
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2014

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Purinergic Receptors
Reflex
Blood Pressure
Pyridoxal Phosphate
Spinal Ganglia
Purinergic P2 Receptor Antagonists
Neurons
Arterial Pressure
Ischemia
Adenosine Triphosphate
Hypertension
Muscles

Keywords

  • Calcium imaging
  • Dorsal root ganglia
  • Hypertension
  • Metaboreflex
  • Muscle sympathetic nerve activity

Cite this

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title = "Exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure: Role of purinergic receptors",
abstract = "The neurocirculatory responses to exercise are exaggerated in hypertension, increasing cardiovascular risk, yet the mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effectiveness of pyridoxal-5-phosphate as a purinergic (P2) receptor antagonist in isolated murine dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and the in vivo contribution of P2 receptors to the neurocirculatory responses to exercise in older adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure (BP). In vitro, pyridoxal-5-phosphate attenuated the ATP-induced increases in [Ca2+]i (73 ± 15 vs. 11 ± 3 nM; P < 0.05). In vivo, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; peroneal microneurography) and arterial BP (Finometer) were assessed during exercise pressor reflex activation (static handgrip followed by postexercise ischemia; PEI) during a control trial (normal saline) and localized P2 receptor blockade (pyridoxal-5-phosphate). Compared with normotensive adults (63 ± 2 yr, 117 ± 2/70 ± 2 mmHg), adults with moderately elevated systolic BP (65 ± 1 yr, 138 ± 5/79 ± 3 mmHg) demonstrated greater increases in MSNA and BP during handgrip and PEI. Compared with the control trial, local antagonism of P2 receptors during PEI partially attenuated MSNA (39 ± 4 vs. 34 ± 5 bursts/min; P < 0.05) in adults with moderately elevated systolic BP. In conclusion, these data demonstrate pyridoxal-5-phosphate is an effective P2 receptor antagonist in isolated DRG neurons, which are of particular relevance to the exercise pressor reflex. Furthermore, these findings indicate that exercise pressor reflex function is exaggerated in older adults with moderately elevated systolic BP and further suggest a modest role of purinergic receptors in evoking the abnormally large reflex-mediated increases in sympathetic activity during exercise in this clinical population.",
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Exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure : Role of purinergic receptors. / Greaney, Jody L.; Matthews, Evan; Boggs, Mary E.; Edwards, David G.; Duncan, Randall L.; Farquhar, William B.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 306, No. 1, 01.01.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure

T2 - Role of purinergic receptors

AU - Greaney, Jody L.

AU - Matthews, Evan

AU - Boggs, Mary E.

AU - Edwards, David G.

AU - Duncan, Randall L.

AU - Farquhar, William B.

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AB - The neurocirculatory responses to exercise are exaggerated in hypertension, increasing cardiovascular risk, yet the mechanisms remain incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to examine the in vitro effectiveness of pyridoxal-5-phosphate as a purinergic (P2) receptor antagonist in isolated murine dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and the in vivo contribution of P2 receptors to the neurocirculatory responses to exercise in older adults with moderately elevated systolic blood pressure (BP). In vitro, pyridoxal-5-phosphate attenuated the ATP-induced increases in [Ca2+]i (73 ± 15 vs. 11 ± 3 nM; P < 0.05). In vivo, muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA; peroneal microneurography) and arterial BP (Finometer) were assessed during exercise pressor reflex activation (static handgrip followed by postexercise ischemia; PEI) during a control trial (normal saline) and localized P2 receptor blockade (pyridoxal-5-phosphate). Compared with normotensive adults (63 ± 2 yr, 117 ± 2/70 ± 2 mmHg), adults with moderately elevated systolic BP (65 ± 1 yr, 138 ± 5/79 ± 3 mmHg) demonstrated greater increases in MSNA and BP during handgrip and PEI. Compared with the control trial, local antagonism of P2 receptors during PEI partially attenuated MSNA (39 ± 4 vs. 34 ± 5 bursts/min; P < 0.05) in adults with moderately elevated systolic BP. In conclusion, these data demonstrate pyridoxal-5-phosphate is an effective P2 receptor antagonist in isolated DRG neurons, which are of particular relevance to the exercise pressor reflex. Furthermore, these findings indicate that exercise pressor reflex function is exaggerated in older adults with moderately elevated systolic BP and further suggest a modest role of purinergic receptors in evoking the abnormally large reflex-mediated increases in sympathetic activity during exercise in this clinical population.

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KW - Hypertension

KW - Metaboreflex

KW - Muscle sympathetic nerve activity

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