Exploring dual identification among Muslim-American emerging adults: A mixed methods study

Selcuk R. Sirin, Nida Bikmen, Madeeha Mir, Michelle Fine, Mayida Zaal, Dalal Katsiaficas

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81 Scopus citations


This mixed methods study explored dual identification among Muslim-American emerging adults of immigrant origin. A closer look was taken at the relationship between American and Muslim identifications and how this relationship was influenced by experiences of discrimination, acculturative and religious practices, and whether it varied by gender. Data were gathered from 97 Muslim Americans (ages 18-25) who completed a survey and produced identity maps, a pictorial representation of hyphenated identities. The findings showed that young people found a way of allowing their Muslim and American identities to co-exist, and only a small minority of the participants seemed to experience identity conflict. While religiosity was the only predictor of Muslim identification, young peoples' identification with mainstream United States culture was predicted by discrimination-related stress and acculturative practices. Gender moderated the relationship between Muslim and American identities in both survey measures and identity maps.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-279
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Emerging adults
  • Identity
  • Immigration
  • Muslim American
  • Religiosity


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