Exposure of athletic trainers to potentially infectious bodily fluids in the high school setting

David Middlemas, K. Brian Jessee, Diane K. Mulder, Robb S. Rehberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To examine the incidence of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids by athletic trainers in the high school setting in the performance of their daily responsibilities. We also looked at the actions of officials in dealing with athletes with bleeding injuries. Design and Setting: Athletic trainer contact with athletes and incidents of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids were recorded at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey during the fall 1994 athletic season. The number of times officials removed an athlete from the game or required a change of uniform, or both, was also counted. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Subjects: Eighteen athletic trainers and 3537 student-athletes at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey. Measurements: Number of contacts with athletes; number of contacts with potentially infectious bodily fluids; age of athlete; sport of athlete; whether the contact was in a practice or game; if in a game, whether the athlete was removed from the game by the official; and whether or not the athlete was required to clean or change the uniform. Results: Of the athletic trainer contacts with athletes, 4.10% involved potentially infectious bodily fluids. The incidence of exposure to potentially infectious fluids was 12.9% of the athlete contacts. Athletes in game situations were required to change or clean a uniform in 23.7% of the bleeding incidents, and officials removed an athlete from a contest in 1.7% of the game-related bleeding incidents. Conclusions: Universal precautions and personal protective equipment should be used in the athletic setting. Further study into the application of rules by officials governing the participation of athletes with blood-stained uniforms is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-322
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Athletic Training
Volume32
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 1997

Fingerprint

Athletes
Sports
Hemorrhage
Universal Precautions
Incidence
Students

Keywords

  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Hepatitis B
  • HIV

Cite this

Middlemas, David ; Jessee, K. Brian ; Mulder, Diane K. ; Rehberg, Robb S. / Exposure of athletic trainers to potentially infectious bodily fluids in the high school setting. In: Journal of Athletic Training. 1997 ; Vol. 32, No. 4. pp. 320-322.
@article{2eb0b69b21c4418abb4b58ff2ee54759,
title = "Exposure of athletic trainers to potentially infectious bodily fluids in the high school setting",
abstract = "Objective: To examine the incidence of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids by athletic trainers in the high school setting in the performance of their daily responsibilities. We also looked at the actions of officials in dealing with athletes with bleeding injuries. Design and Setting: Athletic trainer contact with athletes and incidents of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids were recorded at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey during the fall 1994 athletic season. The number of times officials removed an athlete from the game or required a change of uniform, or both, was also counted. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Subjects: Eighteen athletic trainers and 3537 student-athletes at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey. Measurements: Number of contacts with athletes; number of contacts with potentially infectious bodily fluids; age of athlete; sport of athlete; whether the contact was in a practice or game; if in a game, whether the athlete was removed from the game by the official; and whether or not the athlete was required to clean or change the uniform. Results: Of the athletic trainer contacts with athletes, 4.10{\%} involved potentially infectious bodily fluids. The incidence of exposure to potentially infectious fluids was 12.9{\%} of the athlete contacts. Athletes in game situations were required to change or clean a uniform in 23.7{\%} of the bleeding incidents, and officials removed an athlete from a contest in 1.7{\%} of the game-related bleeding incidents. Conclusions: Universal precautions and personal protective equipment should be used in the athletic setting. Further study into the application of rules by officials governing the participation of athletes with blood-stained uniforms is needed.",
keywords = "Bloodborne pathogens, Hepatitis B, HIV",
author = "David Middlemas and Jessee, {K. Brian} and Mulder, {Diane K.} and Rehberg, {Robb S.}",
year = "1997",
month = "10",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "320--322",
journal = "Journal of Athletic Training",
issn = "1062-6050",
publisher = "National Athletic Trainers' Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Exposure of athletic trainers to potentially infectious bodily fluids in the high school setting. / Middlemas, David; Jessee, K. Brian; Mulder, Diane K.; Rehberg, Robb S.

In: Journal of Athletic Training, Vol. 32, No. 4, 01.10.1997, p. 320-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure of athletic trainers to potentially infectious bodily fluids in the high school setting

AU - Middlemas, David

AU - Jessee, K. Brian

AU - Mulder, Diane K.

AU - Rehberg, Robb S.

PY - 1997/10/1

Y1 - 1997/10/1

N2 - Objective: To examine the incidence of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids by athletic trainers in the high school setting in the performance of their daily responsibilities. We also looked at the actions of officials in dealing with athletes with bleeding injuries. Design and Setting: Athletic trainer contact with athletes and incidents of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids were recorded at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey during the fall 1994 athletic season. The number of times officials removed an athlete from the game or required a change of uniform, or both, was also counted. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Subjects: Eighteen athletic trainers and 3537 student-athletes at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey. Measurements: Number of contacts with athletes; number of contacts with potentially infectious bodily fluids; age of athlete; sport of athlete; whether the contact was in a practice or game; if in a game, whether the athlete was removed from the game by the official; and whether or not the athlete was required to clean or change the uniform. Results: Of the athletic trainer contacts with athletes, 4.10% involved potentially infectious bodily fluids. The incidence of exposure to potentially infectious fluids was 12.9% of the athlete contacts. Athletes in game situations were required to change or clean a uniform in 23.7% of the bleeding incidents, and officials removed an athlete from a contest in 1.7% of the game-related bleeding incidents. Conclusions: Universal precautions and personal protective equipment should be used in the athletic setting. Further study into the application of rules by officials governing the participation of athletes with blood-stained uniforms is needed.

AB - Objective: To examine the incidence of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids by athletic trainers in the high school setting in the performance of their daily responsibilities. We also looked at the actions of officials in dealing with athletes with bleeding injuries. Design and Setting: Athletic trainer contact with athletes and incidents of exposure to potentially infectious bodily fluids were recorded at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey during the fall 1994 athletic season. The number of times officials removed an athlete from the game or required a change of uniform, or both, was also counted. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Subjects: Eighteen athletic trainers and 3537 student-athletes at 18 high schools in northern New Jersey. Measurements: Number of contacts with athletes; number of contacts with potentially infectious bodily fluids; age of athlete; sport of athlete; whether the contact was in a practice or game; if in a game, whether the athlete was removed from the game by the official; and whether or not the athlete was required to clean or change the uniform. Results: Of the athletic trainer contacts with athletes, 4.10% involved potentially infectious bodily fluids. The incidence of exposure to potentially infectious fluids was 12.9% of the athlete contacts. Athletes in game situations were required to change or clean a uniform in 23.7% of the bleeding incidents, and officials removed an athlete from a contest in 1.7% of the game-related bleeding incidents. Conclusions: Universal precautions and personal protective equipment should be used in the athletic setting. Further study into the application of rules by officials governing the participation of athletes with blood-stained uniforms is needed.

KW - Bloodborne pathogens

KW - Hepatitis B

KW - HIV

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=3042928565&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 320

EP - 322

JO - Journal of Athletic Training

JF - Journal of Athletic Training

SN - 1062-6050

IS - 4

ER -