Exposure to gangs in low-income urban communities and substance use among Hispanic youth

Autumn M. Bermea, David T. Lardier, Bradley van Eeden-Moorefield, Pauline Garcia-Reid, Robert Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A third of Hispanic youth live below the poverty line, making them vulnerable for exposure to gangs, substances, and violence, all of which have been associated with substance use. The aim of the present study was to test the link between these variables, using a multiple mediation model. Results suggest that the relationship between gang exposure and adolescent substance use was mediated by both access to substances and exposure to violence. Findings provide insight into how gang exposure impacts outcomes for low-income youth. Implications for prevention and policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

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Hispanic Americans
low income
violence
community
mediation
poverty
Poverty
adolescent
Violence

Keywords

  • Adolescent alcohol use
  • adolescent drug use
  • culturally responsive prevention
  • gangs
  • violence exposure

Cite this

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abstract = "A third of Hispanic youth live below the poverty line, making them vulnerable for exposure to gangs, substances, and violence, all of which have been associated with substance use. The aim of the present study was to test the link between these variables, using a multiple mediation model. Results suggest that the relationship between gang exposure and adolescent substance use was mediated by both access to substances and exposure to violence. Findings provide insight into how gang exposure impacts outcomes for low-income youth. Implications for prevention and policy are discussed.",
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AU - Garcia-Reid, Pauline

AU - Reid, Robert

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KW - violence exposure

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