Exposure to "Low-Level" Aggression in School: Associations with Aggressive Behavior, Future Expectations, and Perceived Safety

Paul Boxer, Laura Edwards-Leeper, Sara Goldstein, Dara Musher-Eizenman, Eric F. Dubow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Examined associations with witnessing and being victimized by "low-level" aggressive acts (e.g., pushing, gossip) and three indicators of psychosocial functioning in a sample of 771 elementary school students from one urban and one suburban school district. Results indicated that exposure to low-level aggression appears to relate to psychosocial functioning in ways similar to more severe forms of aggression. Students who were exposed to higher levels of both witnessing and victimization by low-level aggression reported the highest levels of engagement in aggression, the lowest levels of positive expectations for the future, and the lowest levels of perceived safety. Findings are discussed in the context of research on exposure to aggression in general, with suggestions offered for future studies. Implications of the findings for school-based intervention programs are raised.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)691-705
Number of pages15
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2003

Fingerprint

future expectation
aggressive behavior
Aggression
aggression
Safety
school
Students
Crime Victims
victimization
elementary school
student
district
Research

Cite this

Boxer, Paul ; Edwards-Leeper, Laura ; Goldstein, Sara ; Musher-Eizenman, Dara ; Dubow, Eric F. / Exposure to "Low-Level" Aggression in School : Associations with Aggressive Behavior, Future Expectations, and Perceived Safety. In: Violence and Victims. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 691-705.
@article{b0b7fa5a1a05430b9501baa17da5fb52,
title = "Exposure to {"}Low-Level{"} Aggression in School: Associations with Aggressive Behavior, Future Expectations, and Perceived Safety",
abstract = "Examined associations with witnessing and being victimized by {"}low-level{"} aggressive acts (e.g., pushing, gossip) and three indicators of psychosocial functioning in a sample of 771 elementary school students from one urban and one suburban school district. Results indicated that exposure to low-level aggression appears to relate to psychosocial functioning in ways similar to more severe forms of aggression. Students who were exposed to higher levels of both witnessing and victimization by low-level aggression reported the highest levels of engagement in aggression, the lowest levels of positive expectations for the future, and the lowest levels of perceived safety. Findings are discussed in the context of research on exposure to aggression in general, with suggestions offered for future studies. Implications of the findings for school-based intervention programs are raised.",
author = "Paul Boxer and Laura Edwards-Leeper and Sara Goldstein and Dara Musher-Eizenman and Dubow, {Eric F.}",
year = "2003",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1891/vivi.2003.18.6.691",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "691--705",
journal = "Violence and Victims",
issn = "0886-6708",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "6",

}

Exposure to "Low-Level" Aggression in School : Associations with Aggressive Behavior, Future Expectations, and Perceived Safety. / Boxer, Paul; Edwards-Leeper, Laura; Goldstein, Sara; Musher-Eizenman, Dara; Dubow, Eric F.

In: Violence and Victims, Vol. 18, No. 6, 01.12.2003, p. 691-705.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exposure to "Low-Level" Aggression in School

T2 - Associations with Aggressive Behavior, Future Expectations, and Perceived Safety

AU - Boxer, Paul

AU - Edwards-Leeper, Laura

AU - Goldstein, Sara

AU - Musher-Eizenman, Dara

AU - Dubow, Eric F.

PY - 2003/12/1

Y1 - 2003/12/1

N2 - Examined associations with witnessing and being victimized by "low-level" aggressive acts (e.g., pushing, gossip) and three indicators of psychosocial functioning in a sample of 771 elementary school students from one urban and one suburban school district. Results indicated that exposure to low-level aggression appears to relate to psychosocial functioning in ways similar to more severe forms of aggression. Students who were exposed to higher levels of both witnessing and victimization by low-level aggression reported the highest levels of engagement in aggression, the lowest levels of positive expectations for the future, and the lowest levels of perceived safety. Findings are discussed in the context of research on exposure to aggression in general, with suggestions offered for future studies. Implications of the findings for school-based intervention programs are raised.

AB - Examined associations with witnessing and being victimized by "low-level" aggressive acts (e.g., pushing, gossip) and three indicators of psychosocial functioning in a sample of 771 elementary school students from one urban and one suburban school district. Results indicated that exposure to low-level aggression appears to relate to psychosocial functioning in ways similar to more severe forms of aggression. Students who were exposed to higher levels of both witnessing and victimization by low-level aggression reported the highest levels of engagement in aggression, the lowest levels of positive expectations for the future, and the lowest levels of perceived safety. Findings are discussed in the context of research on exposure to aggression in general, with suggestions offered for future studies. Implications of the findings for school-based intervention programs are raised.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1942455902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1891/vivi.2003.18.6.691

DO - 10.1891/vivi.2003.18.6.691

M3 - Article

C2 - 15109121

AN - SCOPUS:1942455902

VL - 18

SP - 691

EP - 705

JO - Violence and Victims

JF - Violence and Victims

SN - 0886-6708

IS - 6

ER -